Scheduled Monument

Gollanfield,enclosures 250m WSW ofSM5167

Status: Designated


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The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive, rather than ritual or funerary)
Local Authority
NH 80678 53369
280678, 853369


The monument comprises the remains of prehistoric enclosures and houses appearing as cropmarks in arable fields. Experience shows that further archaeological features will survive in the areas (not susceptible to cropmarks) between the visible marks. The remains appear as an unenclosed settlement comprising at least three houses, the largest of which clearly shows a narrow encircling ditch, a circular narrow ditched enclosure 30m in diameter, a roughly circular enclosure measuring approximately 11m in diameter bounded by a narrow ditch containing a small concentric pit circle and a pit circle c. 12m in diameter surrounded by the remains of an aureole. Scatters of individual pits and other features lie between the enclosures. It is likely that more than one phase of activity is represented. The area to be scheduled measures 140m (E-W) by 240m (N-S) to include the area in which the cropmarks are visible and areas between and around in which further features are likely to survive.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as a complex of individual and related features representing at least three different forms of prehistoric enclosure. Experience has shown that even though the area is under the plough archaeological features and deposits will survive below plough level. The complex has the potential to enhance greatly our understanding of many aspects of prehistoric activity, in particular the design and use of settlements over time. It is also possible that ceremonial and ritual activity may be represented in the complex. The monument is of particular importance because of the complexity of the remains and because of the survival in the vicinity of further monuments of similar and other dates representing a variety of functions. The monument has the potential to expand greatly our knowledge of prehistoric societies in Northern Scotland. The monument is of particular importance because of the survival of other prehistoric sites in the area, with which this monument may be associated.



RCAHMS records the monument as NH 85 SW 10.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 21/02/2024 12:27