Scheduled Monument


Status: Designated


Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Secular: field system; house; kiln; linear earthwork, dyke; settlement, including deserted and depopulated and townships
Local Authority
ND 13599 32200
313599, 932200


This monument consists of four clusters of houses with associated arable fields. A settlement has probably existed here since at least the later sixteenth century, as Timothy Pont's map marks 'Lybuster' which probably relates to Loedebest. The settlement is also recorded in charters of 1619 ('Lodubiste') and 1624 and is marked on Roy's map of 1747-1752 as 'Lodbas'. At ND13853195 are the foundations of three long houses, two kiln barns and a number of enclosures.

At ND13393240 are the foundations of a long house, a kiln house, a rectangular building which has been reused as a sheepfold and enclosures. At ND13463225 are the more substantial remains of three long houses, a kiln barn and a field system. At ND13913205 are the foundations of two long houses, a rectangular building, a kiln barn and a field system. At ND13743223 are the foundations of a rectangular building and field system. The field systems of the post medieval and modern farms surround all of these settlement clusters.

The area to be scheduled measures 1060m NW-SE by a maximum of 550m N-S, to include the house clusters and field systems. The road from Loedebest to Achnaclyth is excluded from the scheduled area, as is the recently abandoned farmhouse and farmyard at Loedebest. The chambered cairn 400m WNW of Loedebest is also excluded as this is subject to a separate scheduling proposal. The area proposed for scheduling is shown in red on the attached map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance for its potential to contribute to our understanding of post medieval settlement, land use and the process of the Clearances in this area of Caithness. The settlement areas and field systems form an extensive and well preserved landscape of post medieval settlement. The documentary references indicate early occupation on this site and some of the less substantial foundations could represent buildings of early post medieval or earlier date.



No Bibliography entries for this designation

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 30/05/2024 05:32