Scheduled Monument

South Yarrows,long cairn 220m NW ofSM507

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
06/09/1934
Last Date Amended
01/12/1992
Type
Prehistoric ritual and funerary: long cairn
Local Authority
Highland
Parish
Wick
NGR
ND 30470 43458
Coordinates
330470, 943458

Description

This monument consists of a prehistoric long chambered cairn. The long cairn is 58m long and varies from 7.6 to 13.7m in width. The cairn has projecting 'horns' on its western end. The chamber of the cairn was excavated in 1865 resulting in the discovery of a secondary cist associated with a single burial urn and a string of jet beads.

Evidence discovered during the excavation and recent examination of the mound indicate that the cairn originated as a round chambered cairn and was later converted into a long cairn. Traces of the round cairn are evident at the east end of the monument.

The area to be scheduled is bounded on the W by a break of slope, on the E by a fence-line and extends 25m N and 25m S of the mid-line of the cairn, measuring overall approximately 90m E-W by 50m N-S, to include the cairn and an area around in which traces of activities associated with its construction and use may survive.

Statement of National Importance

This monument is of national importance for its potential to contribute to an understanding of prehistoric ritual and religious beliefs and practices. The cairn is complex and appears to consist of a round chambered cairn which was subsequently extended into a long cairn. The chamber within the cairn contains important information about the architecture of prehistoric tombs and may also contain further burial deposits.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as ND 34 SW 6 and 54.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 22/04/2019 18:58