Scheduled Monument

South Yarrows,long cairn 220m NW ofSM507

Status: Designated


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The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Prehistoric ritual and funerary: long cairn
Local Authority
ND 30470 43458
330470, 943458


This monument consists of a prehistoric long chambered cairn. The long cairn is 58m long and varies from 7.6 to 13.7m in width. The cairn has projecting 'horns' on its western end. The chamber of the cairn was excavated in 1865 resulting in the discovery of a secondary cist associated with a single burial urn and a string of jet beads.

Evidence discovered during the excavation and recent examination of the mound indicate that the cairn originated as a round chambered cairn and was later converted into a long cairn. Traces of the round cairn are evident at the east end of the monument.

The area to be scheduled is bounded on the W by a break of slope, on the E by a fence-line and extends 25m N and 25m S of the mid-line of the cairn, measuring overall approximately 90m E-W by 50m N-S, to include the cairn and an area around in which traces of activities associated with its construction and use may survive.

Statement of National Importance

This monument is of national importance for its potential to contribute to an understanding of prehistoric ritual and religious beliefs and practices. The cairn is complex and appears to consist of a round chambered cairn which was subsequently extended into a long cairn. The chamber within the cairn contains important information about the architecture of prehistoric tombs and may also contain further burial deposits.



RCAHMS records the monument as ND 34 SW 6 and 54.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 22/04/2024 00:11