Scheduled Monument

Balmachree,enclosures 500m & 750m NNE ofSM5025

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: enclosure (domestic or defensive, rather than ritual or funerary)
Local Authority
NH 74106 48067
274106, 848067


The monument comprises the remains of enclosures (semi circular and roughly circular) of later prehistoric date. They appear in arable fields as marks in cereal crops; experience shows that further remains will survive in the areas (not susceptible to cropmarks) near the visible marks.

The remains appear as the marks of a fort 90m by 60m within two ditches c. 10m apart; there are traces of internal features. Approximately 100m NNE of this area there is a penannular enclosure 12m in diameter with clear traces of an internal feature.

Two areas are to be scheduled; the westerly one measures a maximum of 180m N-S by 170m E-W and the easterly one measures a maximum of 110m NNE-SSW by 80m N-S, both to include the areas between and around the cropmarks where further features are likely to survive.

Statement of National Importance

The monuments are of national importance as two prehistoric enclosures of different form. Even though the area is under the plough, experience of similar situations suggests that extensive and important archaeological features and deposits will survive below plough level. The enclosures have the potential to enhance considerably our understanding of many aspects of prehistoric life, in particular the design and use of settlements over time.

The monument is particularly important because of the existence, in one area, of two different forms of settlement, and the opportunity this provides of examining the inter-relationship between them. The monument has the potential to greatly increase our knowledge of the development of the later prehistoric landscape in Scotland. The monument is of further importance because of the survival of other prehistoric sites in the area, with which this monument may be associated.



RCAHMS records the monument as NH 74 NW 27.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 18/07/2019 14:35