Scheduled Monument

Mavisbank,(New Saughton Hall),house,doocot,policies & earthworkSM4921

Status: Removed

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
09/01/1991
Date Removed:
10/10/2016
Local Authority
Midlothian
Parish
Lasswade
NGR
NT 288 649
Coordinates
328800, 664900

Removal Reason

House and gardens more appropriately designated as a A-listed building and Inventory Garden & Designed Landscape.

Description

The monument consists of the fire-damaged house and policies of Mavisbank. The house was built between 1724 and 1739 for Sir John Clerk whose designs were drawn up by William Adam. The main house is of 5 bays, with basement and 2 storeys. It has lost the domical piend roof which rose behind the balustrade. Above the 3 central bays sits a pediment with a central bullseye window with "large pieces of foliage on each side". The main house is flanked by pavilions, linked by quadrant wings of a single arcaded storey over a basement. The 2- storey pavilions extend forward of the main house, emphasising the enclosure of the entrance forecourt. Although ancillary, their enrichment was not neglected. The gable ends were dominated by Venetian windows and capped by pediments, each with a central bullseye. Clerk conceived the house to sit at the focus of a designed landscape, the main elements of which were laid out in front of the house, "improving" the vista down the valley of the N Esk. Within the courtyard to the front of the house lay a formal parterre, beyond that parkland and woodland with avenues to E and N. A doocot in the NE of the park appears to have been built as a terminal for a vista from the house. The central feature of the parkland is a small dammed loch. SE of the house lies the enclosed kitchen garden. An earlier earthwork, probably of Medieval date, lies to the SW of the house.

The area to be scheduled comprises the house and its policies consisting of the surviving designed landscape, including the formal parterre, beyond that the parkland and woodland with avenues to E and N, the doocot to the NE of the house and the earthwork of probable Medieval date to the SW of the house. It excludes a number of

ancillary buildings which have been heavily modified, and a number of modern properties encroaching upon the original margins of the policies. It includes the avenue and access to the N of the house, as far as the public road. The interior of the former kitchen garden is specifically excluded from scheduling, but its walls and gateways are included. The area to be scheduled is outlined in red on the accompanying map, with the exclusion identified "A".

References

Bibliography

No Bibliography entries for this designation

Historic Environment Scotland Properties

Mavisbank Policies

https://www.historicenvironment.scot/visit-a-place/places/

Find out more

Related Designations

  1. MAVISBANK HOUSE, DOOCOTLB7386

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (A)
    Status
    Designated
  2. MAVISBANK HOUSE, GAME LARDERLB44164

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Designated
  3. MAVISBANK HOUSE, ICE HOUSELB44165

    Designation Type
    Listed Building (B)
    Status
    Designated
  4. MAVISBANKGDL00275

    Designation Type
    Garden & Designed Landscape
    Status
    Designated

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

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Printed: 25/08/2019 13:28