The monument consists of the fire-damaged house and policies of Mavisbank. The house was built between 1724 and 1739 for Sir John Clerk whose designs were drawn up by William Adam. The main house is of 5 bays, with basement and 2 storeys. It has lost the domical piend roof which rose behind the balustrade. Above the 3 central bays sits a pediment with a central bullseye window with "large pieces of foliage on each side". The main house is flanked by pavilions, linked by quadrant wings of a single arcaded storey over a basement. The 2- storey pavilions extend forward of the main house, emphasising the enclosure of the entrance forecourt. Although ancillary, their enrichment was not neglected. The gable ends were dominated by Venetian windows and capped by pediments, each with a central bullseye. Clerk conceived the house to sit at the focus of a designed landscape, the main elements of which were laid out in front of the house, "improving" the vista down the valley of the N Esk. Within the courtyard to the front of the house lay a formal parterre, beyond that parkland and woodland with avenues to E and N. A doocot in the NE of the park appears to have been built as a terminal for a vista from the house. The central feature of the parkland is a small dammed loch. SE of the house lies the enclosed kitchen garden. An earlier earthwork, probably of Medieval date, lies to the SW of the house.
The area to be scheduled comprises the house and its policies consisting of the surviving designed landscape, including the formal parterre, beyond that the parkland and woodland with avenues to E and N, the doocot to the NE of the house and the earthwork of probable Medieval date to the SW of the house. It excludes a number of
ancillary buildings which have been heavily modified, and a number of modern properties encroaching upon the original margins of the policies. It includes the avenue and access to the N of the house, as far as the public road. The interior of the former kitchen garden is specifically excluded from scheduling, but its walls and gateways are included. The area to be scheduled is outlined in red on the accompanying map, with the exclusion identified "A".