Scheduled Monument

Waterside, Dalmellington IronworksSM4345

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Last Date Amended
Supplementary Information Updated
Industrial: house, associated office; iron and steel; kiln, furnace, oven; mines, quarries; rail; store, warehouse
Local Authority
East Ayrshire
NS 44319 8399
244319, 608399


The monument consists of the remains of the Dalmellington Iron Works and associated buildings and structures.

This scheduling replaces an earlier scheduling of the core of the site, and reflects a new appreciation of the importance of this complex. It includes the remains of the ironworks itself, its more important supporting buildings, the sites of some of the ironworkers' housing, the railway station, and some of the ore calcining hearths and stocking areas associated with the works, together with the water supply route from the Dunaskin Burn.

The scheduled area is irregular, roughly rectangular in plan, approximately 1400m by 500m. The boundary on the WSW is the NNE boundary of the former route of the A713 road, excluding the boundary wall and fence. On the SSE side the boundary runs 100m to the SSE of the straight section of Dunaskin Glen, then takes in the body of the glen as far as the water intake point. On the ENE the boundary follows the line of the boundary of the ground leased by                                                                      to a point due north of the former village institute.

It then detours round three cottages and the institute, returning to take in the site of Waterside Station before rejoining the main WSW boundary. Specifically excluded from the scheduling are Greenhill Cottage and its garden, the track of the British Rail/British Coal Corporation railway through the site, and boundary fencing not already specified.

Amended in 2011 to exclude the buildings and garden ground at national grid references NS 4399 0844 and NS 4397 0845, previously used as the Waterside Iron Offices and immediately south east of the bowling green.

Further amended in 2018 to specifically exclude Waterside Engine House.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance to our understanding of Scotland's industrial heritage. The architecture has intrinsic has merit. The kilns are excellent examples of the two common Scottish types. The potential explanatory power of the complex is high and very few other examples survive.



RCAHMS record the site as NS40NW 15.0.


Hume J R 1976, The Industrial Archaeology of Scotland, vol. 1.

Smith D L 1967, The Dalmellington Iron Company.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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Printed: 29/05/2020 02:54