Scheduled Monument

Creag Bhreac Mhor, stone rows 200m ESE ofSM2386

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.

Summary

Date Added
26/02/1964
Last Date Amended
16/09/2016
Type
Prehistoric ritual and funerary: stone rows
Local Authority
Highland
Planning Authority
Highland
Parish
Reay
NGR
ND 01174 65975
Coordinates
301174, 965975

Description

The monument is a group of standing stones, aligned in rows, thought to date from the Bronze Age (2500 to 800 BC). Within Scotland, stone rows are a site type only found in Caithness and Sutherland. The monument is located on gently sloping moorland and lies around 70m above sea level.

The monument is visible as at least 18 small standing stones, typically measuring around 0.2-0.4m in height and similar in width, set out over several parallel alignments.  A survey in 1911 recorded around 115 standing stones in 13 rows with 56 stones noted as visible over 6 rows in 1964. Many of these missing stones are likely to remain in situ but have been obscured by peat and heather growth. The monument is located in a slight hollow on gently sloping, open moorland. The site has extensive views to the northwest while being overlooked from all other directions by nearby hill slopes.  

The scheduled area is irregular on plan and includes the remains described above and an area around them within which evidence relating to the monument's construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map. The monument was first scheduled in 1964, but the documentation did not meet current standards: the present amendment rectifies this.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance because of its potential to make a significant addition to our knowledge and understanding of the past, particularly the design and construction of stone rows in Caithness and Sutherland. These stone rows have good field characteristics, allowing us to interpret their form and position in the landscape. There is the potential for the presence of buried archaeological remains, including artefacts and palaeoenvironmental evidence. There are numerous other broadly contemporary monuments in the vicinity, including other stone rows, which together can contribute to our understanding of the nature of the prehistoric landscape.  This is important for enhancing our understanding of Bronze Age society, its organisation, economy, religion and demography. The loss of the monument would significantly diminish our future ability to appreciate and understand the use of stone rows and their role and function within society in prehistoric times, and the placing of such monuments within the landscape.

References

Bibliography

Historic Environment Scotland http://www.canmore.org.uk reference number CANMORE ID 7898 (accessed on 21/04/2015).

Highland Council HER http://her.highland.gov.uk/ reference number MHG923 (accessed on 17/02/2016)

Caithness: Battlemoss Excavation http://www.caithness.org/history/archaeology/battlemoss/battlemossbackground.htm (accessed on 17/02/2016)

Baines and Brophy, A and K. (2006) Battle Moss, Highland (Wick parish), excavation', Discovery Excav Scot, vol. 7, 2006. Dorchester. Page 103.

Baines, Brophy and Pannett, A, K and A. (2003) Yarrows Landscape Project/Battle Moss Stone Rows (Wick parish), multiple stone rows; kerb cairn; lithic scatter', Discovery Excav Scot, vol. 4, 2003. Pages 94-5.

Barber and Heald, J and A. (2015). Caithness Archaeology: Aspects of Prehistory. Whittles Publishing, Dunbeath.

Burl, A. (1993). From Carnac to Callanish: The Prehistoric Stone Rows and Avenues of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. Vale University Press, London.

Davis, A. (1986). 'The Metrology of Stone Rows: A Reassessment'. Glasgow Archaeological Journal, volume 13. Pages 44-53.

Freer and Myatt, R and L J. (1982-5). 'The multiple stone rows of Caithness and Sutherland: Volumes 1-4'. Caithness Field Club Bulletin.

RCAHMS. (1911). The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Third report and inventory of monuments and constructions in the county of Caithness. London. Pages: 107-8.

Ruggles, C. (2003). Records In Stone: Papers in Memory of Alexander Thom. Cambridge University Press.

Thom, A. (1971). Megalithic lunar observatories. Oxford.

HER/SMR Reference

  • http://her.highland.gov.uk/SingleResult.aspx?uid=MHG923

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 30/09/2022 07:43