Scheduled Monument

North Calder, broch 600m W ofSM2236

Status: Designated

Documents

Where documents include maps, the use of this data is subject to terms and conditions (https://portal.historicenvironment.scot/termsandconditions).

Summary

Date Added
11/04/1962
Last Date Amended
05/11/2004
Type
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: broch
Local Authority
Highland
Parish
Halkirk
NGR
ND 10351 61597
Coordinates
310351, 961597

Description

The monument consists of the remains of an Iron Age broch situated on a small hillock within an arable field at just under 60m OD. The monument was first scheduled in 1962, when an inadequate area was included to protect all of the archaeological remains: the present scheduling rectifies this.

The monument is visible today as a grassed-over mound around 3.5m in height, oval on plan with overall dimensions of 50m N-S by 40m transversely. The part of the monument representing the remains of the original broch tower is circular, approximately 19m in diameter. This is situated upon a much larger mound/platform, possibly indicating the remains of outworks or a bank around the main broch tower. On the NE of the mound is an area that has been quarried and subsequently filled with rubble.

The area to be scheduled is circular on plan, 80m in diameter. This includes the features described and an area within which evidence relating to their occupation and abandonment might be expected to survive, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

This monument is of national importance as the remains of an Iron Age broch, being of the 'mound-on-mount' type familiar in Caithness. The monument has considerable potential to provide information on the nature of settlement and defensive architecture during this period of prehistory.

References

Bibliography

The site is recorded by RCAHMS as ND16SW 10.

References:

Graham A 1949, 'Some observations on the brochs', PROC SOC ANTIQ SCOT 81, 95.

RCAHMS 1911, THIRD REPORT AND INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS IN THE COUNTY OF CAITHNESS, Edinburgh: HMSO, 34, No. 110.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 22/09/2019 21:26