Scheduled Monument

Kirkhope Tower, barmkin and barmkin wall S ofSM1728

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Last Date Amended
Secular: bailey
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
NT 37880 25024
337880, 625024


The monument comprises the barmkin and barmkin wall associated with Kirkhope Tower. The tower was restored in 1997 and is now occupied as a permanent dwelling. This rescheduling removes the tower from the list of protected monuments while adding the barmkin, its wall and an area likely to have archaeology associated with the barmkin.

The rectangular barmkin includes the lower courses of the S elevation of the tower and the remains of at least three other buildings. The visible remains measure approximately 40m N-S by 60m E-W. The entrance to the barmkin is situated between the north east corner and the tower, the tower being entered only via the barmkin.

The area to be scheduled is nearly rectangular in shape with maximum dimensions of 45m N-S by 65m E-W, to include the barmkin and its wall, as marked in red on the accompanying map. Excluded from the scheduling is that section of the barmkin which forms part of the S elevation of Kirkhope Tower, since the tower is occupied as a dwelling and thus exempt from scheduling.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as the remains of the barmkin and barmkin wall associated with Kirkhope Tower. As such it has the potential to increase our knowledge and understanding of fortified domestic architecture in the Border region in the late medieval period.



The monument is recorded in the RCAHMS as NT 32 NE 6 and NT 32 NE 7.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 23/04/2019 07:05