Scheduled Monument

Knock Farril, fort, Knockfarrel, FoddertySM1672

Status: Designated


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The legal document available for download below constitutes the formal designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The additional details provided on this page are provided for information purposes only and do not form part of the designation. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within this additional information.


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: fort (includes hill fort and promontory fort)
Local Authority
NH 50496 58527
250496, 858527


The monument to be scheduled comprises the remains of a vitrified hillfort on a ridge that overlooks Loch Ussie from the N. The monument was first scheduled in 1969, but an inadequate area was included to protect all of the archaeological remains: the present rescheduling rectifies this.

The fort is sub-rectangular in plan measuring 116m NE-SW by 30m NW-SE within a heavily vitrified wall averaging 4.5m in width. At the NE and SW ends of the fort are sub-rectangular vitrified enclosures that are linked to the fort by vitrified walls c. 25m long. These have been identified as "look-out posts" overlooking the NE and SW approaches to the fort. Inside the SW half of the fort are the remains of a mutilated cistern c. 5m in diameter.

The area to be scheduled is irregular on plan, with maximum dimensions of 420m between the extreme WSW and ENE points by 140m NNW-SSE, to include the fort and the two enclosures and an area around in which evidence for the construction and occupation of the monument may be preserved, as marked in red on the accompanying map extract.

Statement of National Importance

The monument is of national importance as the remains of a vitrified hillfort which includes the unusual survival of two associated look-out posts. It retains the potential to provide important information about the date and function of this class of hillfort.



RCAHMS record the monument as NH55SW 10.


Close-Brooks, J. (1986), Exploring Scotland's Heritage: The Highlands, Exploring Scotland's Heritage Series, Edinburgh.

Feachem, R. (1963), A guide to prehistoric Scotland.

Fraser, J. (1910),'Vitrified fort of Knockfarrel', Trans Inverness Sci. Soc. Fld. Club, 288-291.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Scheduling is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for monuments and archaeological sites of national importance as set out in the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments that are found to be of national importance using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Scheduled monument records provide an indication of the national importance of the scheduled monument which has been identified by the description and map. The description and map (see ‘legal documents’ above) showing the scheduled area is the designation of the monument under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979. The statement of national importance and additional information provided are supplementary and provided for general information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland accepts no liability for any loss or damages arising from reliance on any inaccuracies within the statement of national importance or additional information. These records are not definitive historical or archaeological accounts or a complete description of the monument(s).

The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief. Some information will not have been recorded and the map will not be to current standards. Even if what is described and what is mapped has changed, the monument is still scheduled.

Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 26/05/2024 22:02