Scheduled Monument

Bannerbank, hut circle 965m WNW ofSM12815

Status: Designated


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Date Added
Prehistoric domestic and defensive: hut circle, roundhouse
Local Authority
East Renfrewshire
NS 48693 53054
248693, 653054


The monument comprises the remains of a hut circle, probably of late Bronze Age or Iron Age date (first or late second millennium BC). It is visible as a low ring of turf and stones situated on a terrace about 965m WNW of Bannerbank.

Situated in an area of rough grazing, the hut circle is around 7m in diameter and the bank is between 1.3m and 2m in thickness. Standing up to 0.4m in height, the bank is composed mainly of turf, although several large stones are also visible, notably on the west side where the hut circle is recessed into the slope and stone revetment was necessary. A possible entrance may lie on the east side of the hut circle. About 7m to the south-east are the remains of what may be a roughly circular structure, although its purpose and relationship to the hut circle are unclear.

The area proposed for scheduling comprises a circular area, centred on the hut circle, to include the remains described and an area around them within which evidence relating to the monument's construction, use and abandonment may survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map.

Statement of National Importance

The monument's cultural significance can be expressed as follows:

Intrinsic characteristics

The monument consists of a well-preserved later prehistoric hut circle dating to the first or second millennium BC. Given the site's upland location and consequent lack of disturbance through cultivation, the hut circle offers excellent potential for the survival of well-preserved archaeological deposits relating to its construction, occupation and abandonment. Additionally, there is good potential for associated remains, such as middens, cultivation and craft activity, in the area immediately surrounding the hut circle. The monument offers us excellent potential to enhance our understanding of prehistoric architecture and domestic activities. Comparison with similar sites elsewhere in Scotland can help identify regional trends and traditions.

Contextual characteristics

The monument lies on a flat tongue of land overlooking the burn between the ridges of Laggan Hill and of James's and William's Hills.

Upstanding remains of unenclosed hut circles generally survive in land where cultivation has either been limited or has never taken place. This gives a skewed perspective of the distribution of later prehistoric settlement, since hut circles would have been found throughout the landscape. In areas subjected to several centuries of arable cultivation, any trace of these structures has been eradicated. Hut circles are often found in loose groups or clusters and sometimes lie close to the remains of associated field systems.

Research into Bronze Age and Iron Age domestic buildings suggests people organised the internal space of hut circles in specific ways. For example, the Bronze Age and Iron Age houses at Cladh Hallan on South Uist clearly showed certain activities taking place in specific parts of the house, based partly on practical considerations as well as social conventions and (possibly) spiritual or ritual beliefs.

Associative Characteristics

This hut circle is associated with the prominent local archaeologist, Frank Newall, who discovered it in 1963. Newall's valuable work, which ranges from identifying Mesolithic flint-knapping sites to the excavation of a Roman fortlet, forms the basis of our present-day understanding of the area's prehistoric and Roman period archaeology.

National Importance

The monument is of national importance because it has an inherent potential to make a significant addition to the understanding of the past, in particular Bronze or Iron Age society and the nature of later prehistoric domestic settlement. The good level of preservation, lack of recent cultivation, and survival of marked field characteristics, enhance this potential. The loss of the example would significantly impede our ability to understand domestic architecture of the later prehistoric period in this part of Scotland.



RCAHMS record the monument as NS45SE 9; West of Scotland Archaeological Service SMR as NS27SE 7602 (copies of their short reports are appended).


Newall F, 1963, 'Laggan Hill', Discovery and Excavation Scotland 1963, 47

Pope, R 2007 'Ritual and the roundhouse: a critique of recent ideas on the use of domestic space in later British prehistory', in C Haselgrove and R Pope (eds), 2007, The Earlier Iron Age in Britain and the near Continent Oxford: Oxbow, 204-28.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at

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Printed: 17/02/2019 15:39