Scheduled Monument

Murieston CastleSM1207

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Date Added
15/03/1951
Last Date Amended
27/08/2013
Type
Secular: castle
Local Authority
West Lothian
Parish
Mid Calder
NGR
NT 5010 63492
Coordinates
305010, 663492

Description

The monument is a late medieval tower, built in the 16th century and remodelled as a folly in 1824. The standing remains are two storeys high and include a circular turret set on a corbelled base. The tower measures about 7m NW-SE by 5m transversely. The monument is now surrounded by the buildings of Murieston Castle Farm. It stands 190m above sea level on relatively level ground, 200m NW of the Murieston Water. The monument was originally scheduled in 1951, but the documentation did not meet modern standards: the present amended entry rectifies this.

The scheduled area is an irregular shape on plan, to include the remains described above and an area around in which evidence for the tower's construction, use and abandonment is expected to survive, as shown in red on the accompanying map. On the SW and SE sides, the scheduled area extends 1m beyond the outer face of the tower's walls. On the NW and NE sides, the scheduled area extends 5m beyond the outer face of the tower's walls. All modern fences and buildings are specifically excluded from the scheduling.

Statement of National Importance

The monument can significantly enhance understanding of the character and distribution of late medieval towers in West Lothian. Its 1824 restoration also demonstrates how the past could be appreciated, and medieval buildings remodelled and re-used, in the 19th century. The castle retains good field characteristics, surviving to two storeys in height and incorporating a circular turret on a corbelled base, and makes an important contribution to today's landscape. Our understanding of the role and character of late medieval towers and particularly the ways they might be adapted and appreciated in later centuries would be diminished if this monument was lost or damaged.

References

Bibliography

RCAHMS records the monument as NT06SE 1.

The West of Scotland Archaeology Service (WoSAS) Sites and Monuments Record reference is WoSASPIN 18001.

References

RCAHMS, 1929 The Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland. Tenth report with inventory of monuments and constructions in the counties of Midlothian and West Lothian, 138-9, no 173. Edinburgh.

About Scheduled Monuments

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Scheduling is the way that a monument or archaeological site of national importance is recognised by law through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

We schedule sites and monuments of national importance using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The description and map showing the scheduled area is the legal part of the scheduling. The additional information in the scheduled monument record gives an indication of the national importance of the monument(s). It is not a definitive account or a complete description of the monument(s). The format of scheduled monument records has changed over time. Earlier records will usually be brief and some information will not have been recorded. Scheduled monument consent is required to carry out certain work, including repairs, to scheduled monuments. Applications for scheduled monument consent are made to us. We are happy to discuss your proposals with you before you apply and we do not charge for advice or consent. More information about consent and how to apply for it can be found on our website at www.historicenvironment.scot.

Find out more about scheduling and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 17/11/2018 12:58