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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

HILLS TOWER, GATEHOUSE AND COURTYARD WALLSLB9715

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Information

  • Category: A
  • Group Category Details: A - See Notes
  • Date Added: 04/11/1971

Location

  • Local Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Planning Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish: Lochrutton

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NX 91224 72666
  • Coordinates: 291224, 572666

Description

16th century square towerhouse with later minor alterations;

adjoining E side 1723; 2-storey house by John Selchrig,

mason. These buildings form the S range of an enclosed square

courtyard; wall of various building dates with 16th/17th

century ornamental gatehouse to W.

TOWER: probably constructed for Edward Maxwell soon after he

was granted the lands of Hills in 1527, the upper works are

of more ornamental character probably late 16th/early 17th

century, and contemporary with the gatehouse. 4-storey and

attic square plan tower, rubble walling with dressed quoins.

TOWER: heraldic panel above door contains arms of Edward

Maxwell and Janet Carson. Large paired windows to 1st and 2nd

floor are 1723 enlargements, chamfered jambs. 1930's glazing.

Bands of chequered corbels support slightly projecting

wall-walk and small open angle-rounds/bartizans. Mock cannon

gargoyles are placed just above the corbel course, parapet

wall much rebuilt and now embattled. Hefty stack to W gable.

E gable crowstepped small caphouse to NE over stair, slate

roofs.

INTERIOR: Newel stair in NE angle lit by slit windows. Usual

vaulted cellarage to ground. Hall to 1st with depressed-arch

presses flanking fireplace. Most internal doors with

roll-moulded jambs.

HOUSE: built 1721-3 by John Selchrig, mason of Cairn; the

contract specifies the taking down of an old house adjoining

the tower and building of a new residence on the site

re-using as much of the old materials as possible, also

certain alterations to the old tower.

2-storey painted rubble house. N elevation; off-centre

entrance with heraldic panel (now blind) above. 3 ground

floor windows, 4 to 1st (Westernmost now blocked) alternating

with 3 heraldic panels, date 1721 cut in window lintel. S

elevation: roll-moulded door to extreme left (now blocked) 3

ground floor windows and one smaller stair window; 5 1st

floor windows (one blocked). Window jambs painted, mostly

simple chamfer to S ground checked back jambs and re-cut

chamfers. Small-pane casement windows, modern aluminium

framed 2-pane plate glass to S 1st floor. End and centre

coped axial stacks, end skews, skewputts, slate roofs.

INTERIOR: superficial alterations including blocking of

fireplaces. Original kitchen to E, with large fireplace and

oven, stairs originally to E of centre gable, now renewed.

GATEHOUSE: probably late 16th-early 17th century work similar

in style to upper works of tower. Rubble-built gatehouse set

in W wall of courtyard. Round-arched roll-moulded gateway

with decorative corbel bands, depressed-arch pend behind with

rebuilt voussoirs to E. Corbel course over arch, heraldic

panel (Royal arms) flanked by small shot-holes. Bands of

miniature chequered corbels at eaves. Sandstone skews and

ridge, slate roofs. Access from courtyard originally by

wheel stair, now by rebuilt straight stair. Loft possibly

originally dovecot.

COURTYARD: high rubble wall with sandstone coping. Uncertain

age, much rebuilding and incorporating pieces of earlier cut

stones.

Statement of Special Interest

The towerhouse, gatehouse, 18th century house and courtyard

form an outstanding A group. The gatehouse in particular is a

unique and important example of its type. The surviving very

precise contract for the construction of the 18th century

wing adds to the importance of this building.

References

Bibliography

MacGibbon and Ross C and D vol iii p 390. Grose vol ii p 185

(illus). Inv 330. Original contract for 1721-3 work in

Ardwall Papers; SRO Bundle XXXIII items 1488, 1489.

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 25/09/2016 04:42