Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

4 BARRMILL ROAD, TAYNISH, INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALLS RAILINGS AND GATEPIERSLB939

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
14/04/1971
Local Authority
North Ayrshire
Planning Authority
North Ayrshire
Parish
Beith
NGR
NS 34960 53726
Coordinates
234960, 653726

Description

Circa 1830, minor alterations circa 1930 (to rear and interior). 2-storey 3-bay L-plan classical villa with Grecian details. Outer pilasters supporting entablature; portico with Doric columns and block pediment with acroteria; pilastered entrance with 2-leaf timber panelled outer door (2 original cast-iron lions' head door knockers). Ground floor windows with moulded architraves and rosettes; block pedimented cornices with acroteria above. Lugged architraves to 1st floor windows. Grey sandstone ashlar; harled gables and rear with sandstone margins. Adjoining stone-built single storey outbuilding to R of house (converted to garage, see Notes) with key-blocked segmental arch and timber boarded door to L.

NE (REAR) ELEVATION: modern timber lean-to at ground in re-entrant angle, stair window above; tripartite window (1930s) to ground L with central section as door; single window above. 2 over 2 windows to projecting wing at R.

Timber sash and case 12-pane glazing throughout (1 to rear replaced with 2-pane). Grey-green slate roof; stone ridge; flat skews; corniced end stacks and wallhead stack to rear (all replacement cans). Original cast-iron rainwater goods to front elevation.

BOUNDARY WALLS, RAILINGS AND GATEPIERS: original cast-iron railings to front with ashlar gatepiers. Random rubble wall to R of house running N-S with roughly hewn copes; similar wall to rear.

INTERIOR: classical decorative scheme in place with some Art Deco intervention. Hall: herring-bone parquet floor (1930s); curving cantilevered stair (boxed off below to form cupboard, 1930s) with cast-iron balustrade and mahogany handrail; further small stair off at half-landing to rear wing. Former dining room ground R: original black slate Doric chimneypiece with paired pilasters, reeded frieze, plain corner roundels and marble slip (sympathetically extended to form broader Art Deco surround, 1930s); flanking Art Deco niches with stylised Grecian details; original timber panelled window embrasures with working shutters and moulded architrave; plain moulded cornice. Former drawing room 1st floor R: moulded cornice with band of thistles; panelled doors and window embrasures with moulded Grecian architraves.

Statement of Special Interest

Situated in the Townhead area of Beith, Taynish and its neighbour, Knockbuckle (at 2 and 2a Barrmill Road, separately listed), are notable for their relative grandeur in the town. On the elevated ground of Knockbuckle Hill, the villas are adjacent to the High Church (separately listed) and are in a prominent position on what is a main approach route to the town from Barrmill in the SE.

Essentially Taynish is a typical 2-storey 3-bay villa given stature by its impressive ashlar frontage and highly fashionable Grecian detailing. The house is just one room deep (plus the rear wing) and therefore smaller inside than it may at first appear, but its perfect classical proportions compensate for its small size. The precisely cut stone, although most likely quarried locally, would have been very expensive, particularly the larger blocks used for the pedimented porch.

Other similar contemporary examples to Taynish include 12 The Strand; and 44, 62, 64, 72 and 76 Eglinton Street (all separately listed) all of which have characteristic outer pilasters and varying degrees of Grecian detailing. The style can be linked with the work of David Hamilton (1768-1843). Notable examples of this type in Ayrshire include Hamilton's Ladyland House, Kilbirnie, circa 1820; and Swindridgemuir, Dalry, 1815 (probably by Hamilton), both separately listed.

Taynish is well preserved and has benefited from a careful programme of grant aided repair carried out by the owners and Historic Scotland in 2001. This included removal of paint from rear window margins; stonework and harling repairs; replacement of sash windows to the front to match the originals; replacement of uPVC rhones and downpipes with cast-iron and repair of existing cast-iron rainwater goods. The excellent condition of the house and its and prominent setting make it a valuable asset to the town's built heritage. The mildly Art Deco internal alterations carried out in the 1930s complement the classical designs and do not detract from the original period features.

References

Bibliography

Title deeds to property dating from 1829. Marked on 1st edition OS map of 1858. Information courtesy of Mr & Mrs Bentley.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 10/08/2022 02:34