Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

FEARN ABBEY (CHURCH OF SCOTLAND PARISH CHURCH)LB7780

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
25/03/1971
Local Authority
Highland
Planning Authority
Highland
Parish
Fearn
NGR
NH 83740 77288
Coordinates
283740, 877288

Description

Early 14th century core to simple rectangular building,

restored and re-modelled by James Rich, Surveyor at Cromarty

in 1771; further alterations, 1841. Also alterations and

repairs, Alexander Maitland, 1857 and 1871, and by W C

Joass, 1899. Further restoration by Ian Lindsay and Partners,

1972. Mainly coursed dressed rubble with ashlar dressings.

4 symmetrical lancets in each gable, with blocked 1771

Venetian window above; angle buttresses. 3 lancets in west

gable, also with blocked 1771 Venetian windows above and with

(probably 1771) bellcote at gable apex. South wall largely

rebuilt, with 2 large Gothic windows with intersecting

tracery; entrance in SW corner. 2 ruinous chapels project

from south wall, St Michael's aisle with ogee mural tomb with

recumbant figure to Abbot Finlay (died 1385) with aumbry in

east wall, and SE aisle, probably of 16th century date with

some restoration. Ross burial aisle projects to north; late

16th/early 17th century; ashlar, roofless, but 2 of 6 pointed

arches that supported roof survive; north window with

Y-tracery; 17th century mural monument with Ross arms.

Interior; simple interior with raised floor, plain 19th

century seating, renewed (1972) ceiling. Piscina and sedilia

linked under continuous pointed hoodmould in SE corner.

Plain font of circa 1920-30.

Sunken memorial chapel at east end to Ross's of Balnagown,

with various mural memorials including monument to Admiral

Sir John Lockhart Ross (1790) designed by John Baxter II with

Ross arms and square rigged ship.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such. Founded in 1221 by

Farquhard, Earl of Ross, at Edderton, (by Fearn Burn). Moved

to (New) Fearn 1238. Daughter house of Premonstratensian

Order at Whithorn. Became Parish Church after Reformation.

Roof fell in during divine service in 1742, killing about 50

people. Rebuilt in 1771, largely at instigation of Admiral

Sir John Lockhart Ross.

References

Bibliography

MacGibbon and Ross, THE ECCLESIASTICAL ARCHITECTURE OF

SCOTLAND, ii, (1896) pp.542-7. INVERNESS COURIER May 19,

1841. INVERNESS ADVERTISER, June 27, 1899. Advertisements for

tenders. Further information by courtesy of The Buildings of

Scotland Research Unit.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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