Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

MELVILLE CASTLE, CHESTNUT HOUSE, (FORMERLY COACH HOUSE AND STABLES)LB7397

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
14/09/1979
Local Authority
Midlothian
Planning Authority
Midlothian
Parish
Lasswade
NGR
NT 30922 66894
Coordinates
330922, 666894

Description

Possibly James Playfair, late 18th-early 19th century. 2 storey, 7-bay Gothick U-plan former stable and coach house block with 3 ranges around a courtyard; slightly advanced square-plan, 2-bay blocks to each angle. Droved ashlar sandstone with polished dressings, (coursed, squared rubble to courtyard elevations). Base course; raised cills to windows; string course to ground floor, continuous as hood moulds over ground floor windows; eaves course; tapered square channelling to raised quoins. Cobbled yard.

E RANGE:

E (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: (base of 'U'): near-symmetrical, 7 bay, grouped 2 3-2. Window at ground in bay to centre; window at 1st floor above. Part-glazed (replacement) door with point-arched fanlight at ground in bay to right; window at 1st floor above. Slightly advanced 2-bay group to outer right: window at each floor in each bay. Window at each floor in bay to left of centre. Slightly advanced 2-bay group to outer left: window at each floor in each bay. W ELEVATION: symmetrical, 4-bay.

4 segmental arches at ground with window at 1st floor above to each bay; arch to outer left divided into 2 with boarded door to each half.

S RANGE:

S ELEVATION: near-symmetrical, 6-bay, grouped 2-2-2. 2-bay group to centre: window at each floor in each bay. Slightly advanced 2-bay group to outer left: window at each floor in each bay. Slightly advanced 2-bay group to outer right: window at each floor in bay to left. Small-pane modern door with point-arched fanlight at ground in bay to right; window at 1st floor above. N ELEVATION: irregular 5-bay boarded door at ground in bay to centre; window at 1st floor above. Segmental arch with 2-leaf boarded doors at ground with window at 1st floor above in bays to right and outer right. Window at ground in bay to left of centre; boarded door at 1st floor above. Window at each floor in bay to outer left.

N RANGE:

N (SIDE) ELEVATION: near-symmetrical, 6-bay, grouped 2-2-2. 2 bay group to centre: blinded window at each floor in bay to right. Blinded window at ground in bay to left; window at 1st floor above. 2-bay group, slightly advanced to outer left: window at each floor in each bay. 2-bay group, slightly advanced to outer right: blinded window at ground in bay to left; window at 1st floor above. Doorway (blocked) at ground in bay to left; window at 1st floor above. S ELEVATION: irregular 6-bay. Window at ground in bay to centre; window at 1st floor above. Boarded door with fanlight to immediate left. Boarded door with fanlight in bay to penultimate left; window with (later) ironwork balcony at 1st floor above. Window at each floor in bay to outer left. Boarded door with fanlight at ground in bay to right; window with (later) ironwork balcony at 1st floor above. Window at each floor in bay to outer right.

W RANGE:

COURTYARD ENTRANCE: pair of circular-plan gatepiers with cornice and flat circular cap to centre; decorative (replacement) wrought-iron gates. Ashlar coped wall to either side with terminal ends of block to extremities. Bulls-eye window set high to each end.

Pointed-arched (full-height to ground and half-height to 1st floor) windows to outward-facing elevations with 12-pane timber sash and case glazing; 6-, 8- and 12-pane timber sash and case windows to inward- facing elevations; plate glass to W elevation arches; skylights to roof; grey slate roof with piended angles; ashlar coped stacks to N arm and to S end of E block; cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Special Interest

Classical, regular proportions have been applied to this Gothick accompaniment to Melville Castle which lies to the NE. Attention to detail is shown in the tapering of the square channelling to the quoins, enhancing the overall Gothick impression. Recently converted, it is now a substantial dwelling. A Group with Melville Castle, East Lodge, Esk Cottage, Garden Cottage, Garden Farmhouse, Walled Garden and Lodge, South Driveway Bridge, South Lodge, Walled Garden Steading, and Willie's Temple.

References

Bibliography

Appears on 1st edition OS map (1854); C McWilliam, LOTHIAN (1978) p322; J Thomas, MIDLOTHIAN RIAS GUIDE (1995) p30.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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