Listed Building

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GILMERTON HOUSELB6351

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Parish
Athelstaneford
NGR
NT 54919 77750
Coordinates
354919, 677750

Description

Circa 1750, additions by William Burn 1829. 3-storey, 7-bay classical mansion house, with 2-storey wing extending N incorporating earlier house, and 1829 single storey additions at rear forming courtyard. Sandstone ashlar with cream ashlar dressings, rusticated quoins, base course, band course, eaves course and cornice.

W ELEVATION: 3 central bays advanced and closely grouped; broken pediment above with heraldic and ribbon ornament in red sandstone and 3 dies with red decorative urns, possibly reused from earlier build. Advanced pilastered porch at cebtre ground by Burn with entablature and cornice; panelled double doors with diamond-pane strip fanlight. Gibbsian windows flanking at ground. Extended rustication of quoins, band course between ground and principal floor. Consoled balcony with balustrade extending across 3 principal floor windows above. Tall window s to each bay with lugged margins, pulvinated frieze and moulded cornice. Smaller windows to 2nd floor with lugged margins. Flanking recessed bays similarly detailed.

N ELEVATION: 3-storey, 2-bay N elevation of main block to right; roughly squared and coursed rubble with ashlar dressings. Tall windows to ground and principal floors, smaller windows at 2nd floor; raised margins. 2-storey wing adjoining to left, incorporating earlier house. Random rubble with sandstone dressings, 5-bay; 1st and 4th bays advanced and canted, 2 irregular bays between with tall windows. Advanced bay to left 18th century, faced in brick with light render, droved surrounds, ashlar dressings. Ground floor acts as buttress with ashlar cornice; 3 deep set windows. Round-headed window to 1st floor, with impost blocks and keystone. Window to each return with blind bull's eye above. This form mirrored in later canted bay by Burn, 1829, to right insquared and coursed rubble with stugged ashlar surrounds and ashlar quoins; French windows at ground. 2 small pedimented gabled dormers to attic flanking later canted bay. Window to each floor at outer right, wallhead stack to outer left. S ELEVATION: 3-storey, 2-bay main block. Later bowed bay at ground left with French window and windows flanking; balcony with balustrade above. Taller windows to principal floors, 2 small piended roofed dormers to attic. 4-bay single storey service wing recessed and adjoining to right; advanced pedimented gable at centre, with 6 slit openings to slightly lower former stable range flanking at right.

E ELEVATION: irregular openings at rear, single storey 1829 additions froming stone flagged courtyard with former stables and dairy. separate range to E.

Sash and case windows; 12-pane glazing pattern to ground and principal floors , 9-pane to 2nd floor. Iron bars to some ground floor windows at rear.

Grey slates to swept eaves of piend roof. Coped ashlar ridge stacks, some rendered.

INTERIOR: outstanding mid 18th century MUSIC ROOM in N wing incorporating earlier canted bay; probably the former library with unpainted red pine panelling. Excellent detail to doors, shutters and broken pedimented niche. Paired Ionic columns flanking bays and elaborately decorated pilasters. Later ceiling with Roccoco swirls> Dog-legged staircase with naturalistic wrought-iton plant ornamented balusters. Cantilevered spiral service stair to S from ground to 2nd floor with recessed panels to risers and some wooden barley sugar twist balusters. Remainder of understated interior refashioned by Burn. Extensive low ashlar coped garden walls, and bridge over walkway in garden to S with ornamental urns.

S Lodge and Gatepiers listed separately.

Gothick style screen wall between house and home farm survives to W. 8-arched cartshed and granary now converted to housing.

Statement of Special Interest

Probaly a house on the site from an early date; the Gilmerton Baronetcy was created in 1686 (Groome). John Adam has been suggested as architect, as he has been for Touch, Stirlingshire, whihc shares similarities in the pedimented form, and slos incorporates an earlier build. The survival of the unpainted panelling in the Music Room is surprising, as is the brickwork on the exterior of its canted bay.

The use of red sandstone , ornamented in the pedimented and urns rather than the contrasting stone of the dressings also suggests the reuse of decorative work from an earlier house.

The Kinlochs of Gilmerton improved conditions in the nearby village of Athelstaneford, feuing land for building cottages in the late 18th century; they still retain much of their original character.

References

Bibliography

GROOME'S GAZETTEER (1892).

THE STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1799).

THE NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1835).

J Martine, REMINISCENCES AND NOTICES OF 14 PARISHES IN THE COUNTY OF HADDINGTON (1890).

C McWilliam, BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND: LOTHIAN (1978) p215.

J Small, CASTLES AND MANSIONS OF THE LOTHIANS (1883).

House appears on BLAEU'S LOTHIANS MAP of 1654.

W Burn plans for alterations and additions, 1828 in the NMRS.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

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Printed: 22/05/2019 08:54