Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Orkney Islands
Planning Authority
Orkney Islands
Cross And Burness
HY 62593 39061
362593, 1039061


Earlier to mid 19th century farm complex comprising: 2-storey, 3-bay rectangular-plan farmhouse with single storey adjoining range projecting to E with detached, parallel, long, rectangular-plan byre to S; flagstone closs between. Byre/barn range disposed N/S to E of farmhouse and byre. 2-storey 2-bay rectangular-plan meal mill to W of farmhouse, with taller S end. Single storey, long, rectangular-plan byre range to S of farmhouse, ('Setter'). 2 adjoining single-storey cottages (3-bay to left, 3-bay to right) to E of farmhouse, ('Little Boloquoy'). Harled farmhouse; other structures, coursed random drystone rubble.

FARMHOUSE: S (PRINCIPAL) ELEVATION: window to advanced, gabled porch at ground in bay to centre; boarded door in right return. Window at each floor in each bay flanking. Window with boarded door flanking to right in single storey range to outer right.

Various glazing patterns including 9-pane timber sash and case windows, and timber-framed windows with top-hung upper lights. Corrugated-asbestos cement roof; stone ridge; stone skews; harled, corniced gablehead stacks to E and W; predominantly cast-iron rainwater goods.

BOUNDARY WALLS: drystone rubble walls with rubble cope enclosing rectangular-plan garden to S of farmhouse; square-plan gate piers with flagstone caps.

PARALLEL BYRE: N (ENTRANCE, CLOSS) ELEVATION: built on ground falling to W, asymmetrically divided with small stall to left. 2-leaf boarded door to each stall.

Traditional turf thatched roof to left, straw thatch to right, secured at eaves with bendlin stanes; aisin stones at wallhead, (see Notes).

BYRE RANGE: long, rectangular-plan range of 4 differing heights built on ground falling to S; further gabled barn to rear (E) at S end; boarded doors along W (ENTRANCE) ELEVATIONS.

Corrugated-iron roof to N end; graded stone tiles to centre and to S; flagstone roof to remainder; stone ridges; stone skews.

MEAL MILL: E (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: centred boarded door at ground; boarded grain loft door above. Window flanking to left. Small window set close under eaves to raised section to right.

W (REAR) ELEVATION: blocked, centred doorway to lower section to right. Small window set close under eaves to raised section to left.

S (SIDE) ELEVATION: cast-iron, 8-spoke, low-breast, undershot wheel with timber paddles; accompanying concrete-lined lade to blank, gabled elevation.

N (SIDE) ELEVATION: boarded door, offset to right of centre at ground; window, (formerly door) at 1st floor (see Notes).

Timber-framed window to E. Grey slate roof; stone ridge; stone skews.

DETACHED BYRE, (SETTER): 3-compartment byre built on ground falling to E. N (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: large, central doorway breaking eaves; boarded door in bay to right (E); small boarded entrance in bay to left (W). S (REAR) ELEVATION: 3, every disposed blocked doorways.

Traditional straw thatched roof with bedlin stanes at eaves and aisin stones at wallhead (see Notes).

FARM COTTAGES, (LITTLE BOLOQUOY): S(PRINCIPAL) ELEVATIONS: 3-bay cottage to left: boarded door in bay to centre; window in each bay flanking; roofless single bay projection (formerly byre) to outer left. Drystone rubble wall enclosing rectangular-plan garden to S. 2-bay cottage to right; boarded door in bay to left; window in bay to right.

Timber framed windows. Purple slate roof to right; traditional thatched roof with bedlin stanes at eaves and aisin stones at wallhead (see Notes); rubble gablehead stacks to e and W; similar central ridge stack.

INTERIORS: none seen, 1998.

Statement of Special Interest

The associated buildings at Boloquoy, especially the Meal Mill and the parallel byre range are significant survivors of a working 19th century farm complex. The RCAHMS survey notes how an oil engine continues to power a threshing machine housed in the linear byre range and remains the last working example on Sanday. Roof construction in Orkney is highly specialised to the area. The detached barn (Setter) has a particularly fine example of a thatched roof, the straw being held down by lengths of rope slung over the apex and weighted down at the eaves by bedlin stanes. The aisin stanes at the wallhead act as rainwater goods and throw any runoff rainwater away from the building.



1st edition Ordnance Survey map, (1881), evident; J Hume, THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF SCOTLAND, VOL II, (1979), p 249; RCAHMS, SCOTTISH FARM BUILDINGS SURVEY, VOL 2, ORKNEY (SANDAY), 1998, p 14;

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at


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Printed: 18/12/2018 12:43