Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

BRESSAY KIRK (CHURCH OF SCOTLAND), INCLUDING KIRKYARD WALLLB5877

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
18/10/1977
Supplementary Information Updated
26/03/1997
Local Authority
Shetland Islands
Planning Authority
Shetland Islands
Parish
Bressay
NGR
HU 49318 40992
Coordinates
449318, 1140992

Description

1809-1814. Near-symmetrical 3 x 2-bay hall church of rectangular plan. Harled walls with droved ashlar margins to openings.

W (ENTRANCE) GABLE: near-symmetrical, 2-leaf vertically-boarded timber entrance door with plate glass fanlight in segmental-arched opening offset to right; flanking marble war memorials set in margined recesses. Windows flanking centre in gable; ashlar bellcote on harled plinth at gablehead (bell currently in storage (1996

.

S ELEVATION: symmetrical, tall round-arched windows flanking centre, windows in bays to outer left and right.

N ELEVATION: symmetrical, windows flanking vestry projecting at centre with timber sash and case window and vertically-boarded timber door in W wall; coped apex stack with circular can.

E GABLE: entrance door at ground in bay to left, blank at right; windows flanking centre in gable.

Stained glass memorial windows of 1896 and 1895 flanking pulpit. Some leaded windows with coloured glass surviving. Purple-grey slate roof with ashlar skew copes.

INTERIOR: flagged floors in entrance vestibules to E and W, dog-leg timber stairs leading off and rising to panelled and grained U-plan gallery supported to timber columns and with raked timber pews. Panelled timber pulpit centring S wall, gothic panel to rear with flanking, engaged, ball finials. Flanking windows, flanked in turn by marble memorial to Mouat family. Vertically-boarded timber wainscoting to hall, timber floor and pews. Timber lining with strapwork to ceiling and gables.

KIRKYARD WALL: drystone walls enclosing kirkyard to S and E; ashlar and rubble enclosure with urn and spear finialled cast-iron railings to Henderson family built into W wall.

Statement of Special Interest

In ecclesiastical use. This is one of the earliest of the 19th century churches in Shetland, replacing its predecessor of c1722 which had replaced Bressay's three ancient chapels. The off-set entrance doors are an unusual feature, possibly intended to reduce wind force when both sets of doors are open. Robert Cruickshank is commemorated in one of the windows. A son of the manse, he eventually became Governor of Tasmania in 1886.

References

Bibliography

John Gifford HIGHLANDS AND ISLANDS (1992) p470.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/11/2018 03:50