Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

The Whigmaleerie, 31 Mercat Green, KinrossieLB5657

Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
NO 18859 32404
318859, 732404


Late 18th century, pair of single-storey cottages, each three bays wide, converted to one dwelling. Rubble-built walls. Reed thatched roof with straw ridge. End chimneystacks.

Statement of Special Interest

The Whigmaleerie is one of the earliest surviving cottages in the village of Kinrossie and the only one with a thatched roof. The previous listed building record, written in 1981, noted that the building was thatched and covered in corrugated iron. The traditional thatching material in central mainland Scotland would have been oat straw, but the planting of the Tay reed beds in the 18th century and the increased availability of reed meant that most buildings in the area were rethatched in reed, as can be seen here.

It is among a relatively small number of thatched buildings across Scotland. A Survey of Thatched Buildings in Scotland, published in 2016 by the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings (SPAB), found there were only around 200 buildings of this type remaining, most of which are found in small rural communities. Thatched buildings are often traditionally built, showing distinctive local and regional building methods and materials. Those that survive are important in helping us understand these traditional skills and an earlier way of life.

The 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map shows that The Whigmaleerie was built as a pair of cottages, probably each three bays wide comprising a central entrance flanked by windows. The cottage has late 20th century additions at the rear, but its 18th century rectangular-plan footprint can still be seen, and it retains a significant proportion of its historic character and fabric, including thick rubble-built walls and a thatched roof. Once common across Scotland, these vernacular thatched buildings are now extremely rare, and the building is important in continuing to demonstrate traditional building skills and materials.

Kinrossie retains a typical layout of a Scottish village, comprising a broad main street lined with houses dating from the 18th and 19th century, with some 20th century replacement buildings. The village is centred around the Mercat Cross (see separate listing LB5656), which is in the front garden of the neighbouring cottage to the west.

Statutory address and listed building record revised in 2021. Previously listed as '31 Kinrossie'.



Canmore: CANMORE ID 72949


Ordnance Survey (surveyed 1863, published 1866 Perth and Clackmannanshire LXXIV.16 (Collace). 1st Edition. 25 inches to one mile. Southampton: Ordnance Survey.

Printed Sources

Gifford, J. (2007) Buildings of Scotland: Perth and Kinross. p.494.

The Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings Scotland (2016) A Survey of Thatched Buildings in Scotland. London: SPAB. p.564.

Online Sources

Historic Environment Scotland (2018) Scotland's Thatched Buildings: Introductory Designations Report at

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


The Whigmaleerie, south elevation, looking north, during daytime with flowers and a tree in front of this thatched cottage.

Printed: 25/01/2022 14:11