Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

AVIEMORE RAILWAY STATION, SIGNAL BOXLB52063

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
28/06/2013
Local Authority
Highland
Planning Authority
Highland
Parish
Duthil And Rothiemurchus
NGR
NH 89645 12739
Coordinates
289645, 812739

Description

McKenzie and Holland, Type 3 (for Highland Railway), 1898. Large, 10-bay, rectangular-plan signal box of white painted timber weather-boarding and cover-strip construction. Gabled tin roof with carved timber finials. Half-gabled outshot to entrance at upper level approached by timber forestair. to S (track) elevation: 4 windows to base; continuous 10-bay fenestration to operating room, returning to E and W gables. Timber framed glazing with 9-pane glazing pattern.

Statement of Special Interest

Signal boxes are a distinctive and now rare building type that make a significant contribution to Scotland's diverse industrial heritage. Of more than 2000 signal boxes built across Scotland by 1948, around 150 currently survive (2013), on and off the public network, with all pre-1948 mechanical boxes still in operation due to become obsolete by 2021. The signal box at Aviemore is the largest survivor of the archytypal Highland Type 3 boxes by renowned manufacturer's McKenzie and Holland. Installed not long after the station was rebuilt in 1892, its timber weatherboarded construction is in keeping with the timber buildings on the station platform, with which it is intervisible. Smaller examples of this once common type of Highland signal box by McKenzie and Holland are at Nairn, Clachnaharry and Boat of Garten (see separate listings).

Aviemore Station (see separate listing) is a rare and outstanding example of a late 19th century timber railway station in Scotland. The platform buildings are particularly well detailed to trackside elevations, retaining numerous original features and design elements. The curving timber and cast-iron awning with pierced timber valences are equally notable, having been sensitively restored at the end of the 20th century. Opening in 1863, the original station buildings by Inverness and Perth Junction Railway were rebuilt in 1892 by the Highland Railway Company.

The cast-iron footbridge by the Highland Railway Company, with trellis balustrade linking the down and centre island platforms, also adds further group value.

Listed as part of Scottish Signal Box Review (2012-13).

References

Bibliography

The Signalling Study Group, The Signal Box - A Pictorial History and Guide To Designs (1986). Peter Kay and Derek Coe, Signalling Atlas and Signal Box Directory - Great Britain and Ireland (2010 - 3rd Edition). Gordon Biddle and O.S. Nock, The Railway Heritage of Britain - 150 Year of of Railway Architecture (1983) p167.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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