Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Group Category Details
Date Added
Local Authority
East Ayrshire
Planning Authority
East Ayrshire
NS 40474 49414
240474, 649414


1835, incorporating 1641 fabric and small 1884 addition. T-plan, 2-storey, gabled church with 3-stage crenellated tower, gothic detailing, and Dunlop Aisle with 1641 strapwork window pediments. Squared, snecked sandstone with sandstone ashlar dressings. Base course; eaves course; string courses above and below belfry stage of tower. Raised, chamfered margins to most windows; square-headed, hoodmoulded windows to ground; bipartite, traceried, pointed-arch windows at clerestory; shouldered, clasping buttresses to tower and East gable.

TOWER AND E ELEVATION: 2-leaf timber panelled door to N elevation of tower with pointed-arch roll-moulded architrave recessed in moulded, splayed jambs; hoodmould; lancet window above at 2nd stage; similar window on S elevation of tower. Tall, bipartite, traceried window to E (principal) elevation of tower with central transom; clock above with gilded hands and Roman numerals set in diamond-shaped panel with chamfered margins. Paired, louvred, lancet windows with M-hoodmoulds to all elevations of belfry. E gable bisected by tower; windows at ground and 1st-floor of each bay.

DUNLOP AISLE AND N ELEVATION: 3-bay, gabled Dunlop Aisle advanced to centre of N elevation with octagonal gablehead stack: central studded timber-panelled door with raised, roll-moulded architrave; small recessed panel or blind window above with corbelled cill and flanking mini-columns supporting corniced cill of window above; semicircular pediment to upper window with strapwork decoration and central shield inscribed with monogram IDEC and 1641; herm pilasters and strapwork panels flanking window. 2 windows flanking door; finialed pediments containing strapwork decoration and central shields inscribed ID (left) and EC (right) (see Notes). Strapwork pediments to ground floor windows of left and right returns. Lean-to porch adjoining right return with stone roof, to Dunlop vault in basement; steps leading down to timber-boarded door in roll-moulded archway dated 1884. Windows to both floors of N elevation.

W ELEVATION AND VESTRY: gable elevation with window at 1st floor and gablehead stack. Single storey, gabled vestry advanced to centre, enlarged 1924; tripartite mullioned window to gable; 2-leaf timber panelled door in raised chamfered architrave to left return.

S ELEVATION: 4 bays. Tall clerestory windows to centre; smaller windows to outer bays.

Predominantly stained glass leaded lights; 8-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows to vestry. Ashlar-coped skews. Corniced stacks. Graded grey slate; leaded roof to tower. Cast-iron rainwater goods with hoppers.

INTERIOR: stone-flagged narthex with stone steps to galleries. Pitched ceiling with exposed, painted rafters. Depressed arch with consoled brackets to Dunlop Aisle. Timber-panelled galleries to N, E and W; timber-panelled pulpit with arched and open-pedimented backing board; timber panelled Communion Table; decorative timber font with lid; timber choir platform with ball-finialed side panels; timber pews: all by John W Small, 1884. 1924 brass and frosted-glass light fittings. Stained glass by Powell of London (1882), Gordon Webster, and others depicting Biblical and allegorical figures, armorial bearings and saints (see Notes). Bronze bell inscribed THOMAS MEARS. LONDON. FOUNDED 1837.

BOUNDARY WALLS, GATEPIERS, AND CHURCHYARD: coped random whinstone rubble boundary wall with some railings; round, conical-capped gatepiers to main entrance with 2-leaf cast-iron gates; pyramidal-capped, stop-chamfered red sandstone gatepiers with 2-leaf cast-iron gates to churchyard; predominantly 18th and 19th century gravestones and monuments, including John Brown and Barbara Gilmour (1732).

Statement of Special Interest

A-Group with Clandeboye School and Hans Hamilton's Tomb. Ecclesiastical Building, in use as such. The present church was built in 1835 to replace an earlier church, of roughly the same shape, which was built in 1766. This in turn had replaced a church of about 1641, of which the Dunlop Aisle is a surviving fragment. During the 1835 work, the Dunlop Aisle was almost completely taken down and rebuilt, although great care seems to have been taken in preserving the decorative stonework. According to MacGibbon and Ross, the original aisle was much lower, with the window pediments forming dormerheads above the roofline. The initials on the pediments, ID and EC are those of John Dunlop and his wife Elizabeth Cuninghame of Corsehill, who were responsible for the building of the aisle. The Dunlops were the chief Heritors of the parish, and most of the interior fittings were paid for by their descendent Thomas Douglas Cuninghame Graham. A full description of the history of the church and its interior fittings, including the stained glass can be found in both Bayne and Dobie.



NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT (1837), p303. Shown on 1st edition OS map, 1858. J.S Dobie, THE CHURCH OF DUNLOP (1883). MacGibbon and Ross, CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, volume V (1892), pp157-8. J F Bayne, DUNLOP PARISH (1935), pp89-97. Heritors' Records, National Archives of Scotland.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 22/05/2019 07:54