Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

TOMINTOUL CROFTLB51797

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Category
A
Date Added
12/08/2011
Local Authority
Aberdeenshire
Planning Authority
Aberdeenshire
Parish
Crathie And Braemar
NGR
NO 14415 90455
Coordinates
314415, 790455

Description

Probably early to mid 19th century. 3-bay, single-storey and attic, rectangular-plan crofting cottage situated on high ground overlooking Braemar village. Rubble with lime render and pointing. Corrugated-iron roof covering heather thatch. N ELEVATION: Timber lean-to porch to centre, breaking eaves with timber door to left side; windows flanking. Smaller single windows to S and W elevations.

INTERIOR: traditional plan arrangement comprising two principal rooms to E and W with central core of box-beds and stair to roofspace. Room to E: stone flags to floor; raised hearth with granite shelf to right and cast-iron fireback with rose motif; timber 'hanging-lum' above with shelf to base of cowel; small wall niche to right. 2-leaf panelled timber doors to cupboards and box-bed. Room to W: remnants of fireplace and box-beds. Further box-bed behind staircase. Roofspace and stair lined with timber and 19th and 20th century newpaper and magazine print; 2 further box-beds to W end of roofspace.

9-pane glazing to timber sash and case windows. Coped and rendered ridge stacks located toward gable ends.

Statement of Special Interest

Tomintoul Croft is an exceptionally rare and important survival of the open hearth tradition of vernacular building in the North East of Scotland. This simple 3-bay cottage is remakable for its largely intact interior with traditional plan arrangement with rooms to E and W and a central core comprising box-beds and a stair to the roofspace. Key points of interest include the raised stone hearth beneath a timber 'hanging-lum' chimney, and 19th and 20th century printed newspaper lining and heather thatch beneath the corrugated-iron roof covering.

The process of raising of the fireplace and making it smaller evolved in Scotland over the 18th and 19th centuries with the open hearth making the fire better suited to a range of domestic purposes including cooking and drying. The construction of so-called 'hanging' chimneys began to spread through rural building in the northeast of Scotland during the second half of the 18th century, eventually replacing the earlier method of a simple opening in the roof for the smoke to escape. The box beds on the ground floor at Tomintoul are clustered at the core of the building to maximise heat from the fires at either gable end and are comparable to those at Fleuchats, Glen Conrie and West Tornahaish (see separate listings). Construction techniques of traditional rural cottages vary considerably from region to region with the availability of materials and the initiative of individual builders. The 19th and 20th century printed paper lining the roofspace and staircase at Tomintoul add further to the integrity and authenticity of the building. The linings provided a convenient way to prevent insects falling from the heather thatch.

Three substantial stone walls of an associated steading or byre range are located to the immediate East of the cottage. Possibly dating to a slightly later 19th century phase of building at the croft, the steading remnant adds interest to the immediate setting of the croft and to the contextual interest of the building type more generally. Historic photographs of the croft show a low timber outbuilding adjoining the west gable. The 1st Edition Ordnance Survey map of 1869 shows a former limekiln located a short distance to the S of the croft and another to the N. The locations of the handful of associated buildings that make up the Tomintoul settlement appear to remain broadly unchanged since that date.

References

Bibliography

1st and 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Maps (1869 and 1902). A Fenton and B Walker, The Rural Architecture of Scotland (1981). Robert J Naismith, Buildings Of The Scottish Countryside (1985). Further information courtesy of owner.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

There are no images available for this record, you may want to check Canmore for images relating to TOMINTOUL CROFT

There are no images available for this record.

Search Canmore

Printed: 18/11/2018 05:55