Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

BARRHILL, BLACK CLAUCHRIE HOUSE, INCLUDING COURTYARD WALL AND OUTBUILDINGSLB51530

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
29/03/2010
Local Authority
South Ayrshire
Planning Authority
South Ayrshire
Parish
Barr
NGR
NX 29813 84239
Coordinates
229813, 584239

Description

James K Hunter, 1898-1901. Mainly 2-storey and attic, asymmetric, crow-stepped Arts and Crafts house with gabled ballroom to S, situated on sloping site in isolated moorland setting. Previous service wing to the NE. White painted harl with sloping cills and red sandstone margins to ballroom. Large, projecting conservatory to W elevation. Central canted bow window to S elevation of ballroom.

FURTHER DESCRIPTION: E entrance elevation with off-centre steps leading to recessed balustrade with timber entrance door in re-entrant angle to right with red sandstone architrave with semi-circular pediment above. Tripartite fanlight with stained glass.

Remains of decorative cast iron loggia (in poor condition) to S and W elevations of ballroom.

Variety of multi-pane, predominantly timber, sash and case windows. Grey slates. Gable stacks. Decorative cast iron rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: fine Arts and Crafts interior with largely intact features to principal rooms. Three quarter height timber panelling to much of ground floor and stairwell. Timber stair with plain balusters and banister. Some beamed ceilings, including to ballroom. Number of decorative fire surrounds, including one of decorative metal and some tiled. 4 and 6 panel timber doors. Ballroom with minstrels' gallery and initialled stone inglenook fireplace with decorative metal inset.

COURTYARD WALL AND OUTBUILDINGS: adjoining square-plan courtyard to NE with harled and coped wall with ball finials forming S elevation. 2-storey cottage adjoins main house to N, forming W elevation of courtyard. Further single-storey outbuildings to E and N, including piended roofed former game larder.

Statement of Special Interest

This is a good example of a turn of the century Arts and Crafts house built by a distinguished local architect which retains a largely intact decorative scheme to its principal rooms. The interior of the house retains many original Arts and Crafts features, including timber panelling, a number of decorative fire surrounds, and an inglenook fireplace. The then fashionable inclusion of the ballroom in the design is an important part of its Arts and Crafts Heritage. The house has also been designed to relate to its sloping site, garden and exceptionally remote setting. A wing was formerly located to the South of the courtyard.

The Arts and Crafts style was a popular style for both country and urban houses at the end of the 19th century. The houses often demonstrated vernacular features, as seen here in the crowsteps and multi-gabled elevations. There is a Scots Renaissance influence here too. Arts and Crafts interiors often incorporated timber panelling and a number of handmade features such as the fire surrounds which are found at Black Clauchrie.

Black Clauchrie was built as a shooting lodge for Robert Jardine Mein-Austin and his wife Flora, whose initials are inscribed in the fire place in the ballroom, together with the dates 1898-1901.

Within the wider estate, there is also the remains of a walled garden to the North East of the house, with an associated gardener's cottage, laundry and greenhouse, all in a poor state of repair.

James K Hunter (1863-1929) was an Ayrshire architect, who became partner-in-charge of the well-known Ayr practice Morris & Hunter in 1885. When the partnership was dissolved around 1896, Hunter worked independently for a number of years. He designed a number of small country houses in the area, as well as schools, churches and smaller houses.

References

Bibliography

2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map, 1907-9. Michael Davis, Castles and Mansions of Ayrshire, 1991 p178. Rob Close, Ayrshire and Arran, An Illustrated Architectural Guide, 1992 p196. Sales particulars information from RCAHMS, ref D11.23 BLA(S). Other information from owner and website, www.largeholidayhomes-blackclauchrie.com (accessed 02-06-09). Dictionary of Scottish Architects, www.scottisharchitects.org.uk (accessed 07-05-09).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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