Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

19, 21 GEORGE PLACE, PAVILION BINGO (FORMER PAVILION CINEMA)LB51105

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
27/05/2008
Local Authority
West Lothian
Planning Authority
West Lothian
Burgh
Bathgate
NGR
NS 97461 68684
Coordinates
297461, 668684

Description

John Fairweather, 1920. Rectangular-plan, gable-fronted former picture house in plain Classical style. Segmental arched 3-bay entrance doorway arranged as Diocletian opening; margin-paned glazed panels to upper section, raised lettering 'PAVILION' above arch; all framed by shallow pilasters and dentilled cornice; 3 small square windows above cornice; oculus to gablehead. Small stairwell windows flanking; corniced and dentilled single lower block to right (NW) . Plain SE elevation with 2 double-door fire exits and 2 blocked square vents/windows to upper section. Reinforced concrete and steel-frame construction, rendered to principal elevation; painted to SE side and rear. Corrugated iron roof to auditorium; slate roof to NW block.

INTERIOR: original Classical decorative scheme and floor plan in place. 4 timber and glazed double French doors with stained glass fanlights to entrance. Timber panelled paybox to shallow lobby/vestibule. Doors to stalls and stairwells to balcony flanking vestibule; manager's office to upper floor to NW of plan. Rectangular auditorium with proscenium to S. Full-height Ionic pilasters; square fretwork vents to outer walls (those to W are blocked windows); deep dentilled and bead and reel cornice; large coffers to ceiling, with vine and floral framing plasterwork, including square Roman style roof vents. Segmental arched proscenium with classical detailed framing; tall round-arched panels with raised faux fretwork detailing; toilets to SE of proscenium, ground floor seating replaced with bingo tables. Shallow balcony to N end, original cast-iron seating to upper rear enclosed by panelling with open-arched balustrade; boxes with round-arched openings flanking balcony.

Statement of Special Interest

This former cinema is a good, largely unaltered, and rare example of post-World War I cinema design with good interior detailing. It is an early work by Fairweather for the Green chain and makes a strong contribution to the streetscape in Bathgate. The building is typical of the period and demonstrates the convention of applied Classical styling prior to the move towards modern Streamline and Art Deco designs of the late 1920s and 1930s and changes made later in the decade to accommodate sound technology. A shallow, modest foyer and an auditorium which occupies the majority of the floor space is a typical plan-form for this period in cinema design which aimed to maximise takings from tickets rather than catering. Windows to auditoria were common in early cinemas to allow for fresh air.

This building is the earliest intact survivor of the George Green chain of cinemas. The Greens were the most successful cinema proprietors and exhibitors in Scotland, opening their first cinema in 1911; their last was the Playhouse in Wishaw, 1940 (see separate listing).

John Fairweather was house architect for the Green's and executed all four super-cinemas for the family chain (Glasgow - demolished 1985; Dundee - only tower remains; Ayr; Wishaw). Fairweather was also responsible for the Edinburgh Playhouse.

Assessed as part of the Cinema Thematic Study 2007-08.

References

Bibliography

West Lothian Courier (26 May 1920); 3rd epoch Ordnance Survey map (1922); www.scottishcinemas.org.uk/scotland/bathgate.html (2007).

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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