Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

ANGUS, ARBROATH, RM CONDOR, CONTROL TOWERLB50470

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
30/05/2006
Local Authority
Angus
Planning Authority
Angus
Parish
Arbroath And St Vigeans
NGR
NO 61893 43587
Coordinates
361893, 743587

Description

Circa 1940; 3-storey, 5 bay rectangular plan flat-roofed former Control Tower. Rendered brick shell over reinforced concrete frame. Crash tender garage with later roller shutter door to S elevation; recessed 3rd storey with observation balcony and parapet on three sides. Timber clad roof cabin; railings and moorings for anenometer mast (removed); cast iron rainwater goods; uPVC windows throughout. Irregular fenestration reflecting internal plan.

INTERIOR: Concrete stair, cast iron banister and hardwood handrail.

Statement of Special Interest

One of only two extant examples of this particular type of Control Tower with an incorporated ambulance and crash tender garage. The other is at Crail airfield, former HMS Jackdaw, in Fife. Its survival is important in terms of Naval and Second World War history, as well as for its local significance.

Commisioned by the Royal Navy Air Service as HMS Condor in 1940, the site was taken over by the Royal Marines (RM Condor

Barracks) in 1971. It has remained in operation since, currently acting as a base for the British No. 45 Commando. HMS Condor was one of four airfields constructed in the early war period (along with Crail, Yeovilton in Somerset and St Merryn in Cornwall).

'RNAS' airfields were developed separately from those of the Air Ministry and adopted their own distinct form of airfield architecture. Throughout WWII the design of control towers kept pace with technological advancement, with the tower at Condor representative of an early type. The weather detachment, manned by two forecasters and two observers, would have occupied the ground floor while the first and second storeys would have been manned by flight controllers.

The control tower's original metal casement windows have been replaced by non-traditional uPVC units as part of the continuous rolling programme of building maintenance at the base. The roof top cabin has also been clad in timber. Inevitable changes of use and modifications to airfield buildings across the site have affected the historic context of the tower to a certain degree and its pair at Crail remains the best example of its type (2006).

References

Bibliography

Council for British Archaeology, 20th Century Defences in Britain: An Introductory Guide (1995). Paul Francis, British Military Airfield Architecture (1996). Further information courtesy of estate manager.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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