Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

FURNACE VILLAGE, FORMER CHARCOAL STORELB49844

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
14/05/2004
Local Authority
Argyll And Bute
Planning Authority
Argyll And Bute
Parish
Inveraray
NGR
NN 2605 99
Coordinates
202605, 700099

Description

Impressive mid 18th century, rectangular-plan, rubble former charcoal store built into slope to NE with later alterations. Built as part of an iron smelting works by Duddon & Co of Cumbria and converted to a Drill Hall in the 1880s. Large doorway to SW probably enlarged. 4 inserted window openings to NW and 2 to SE. Former loading door remains to NE. Gable ends remodeled to form shallow segmental-ended gables. Corrugated iron segmental-shaped roof.

Statement of Special Interest

The iron smelting works at Furnace (consisting of the blast furnace/casting-house/blowing-house - SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT, charcoal store and remains of an enclosure) document one of the largest and, at its peak in productivity, most successful charcoal iron establishments in the Scottish Highlands. The only other comparable example being at Bonawe - SCHEDULED ANCIENT MONUMENT. The store which stands to the NE of the nearby blast furnace is therefore recognized as an important and rare surviving industrial building, documenting the mid 18th century iron process in Scotland. In 1755 Duddon & Co. set about establishing the smelting works at what was then a farm steading known as Craleckin. The operating company thus became known as the Argyll Furnace Co, probably to differentiate itself from its parent company in Cumbria. The land was leased from the Duke of Argyll for an initial 57 year period. It is recorded that by 1779, 33 people were listed as being residents of Argyll Furnace - [RCAHMS]. Furnace was chosen as the ideal location by Duddon & Co as there was an abundance of nearby timber suitable for charcoal burning. However iron production on this site was short lived, production ceased in 1812 when the Argyll Furnace Co. quit. Although the Argyll Estate advertised a new lease, no offers were forthcoming, and the furnace never went into production again.

Being built into the slope enabled charcoal to be loaded into the store at ground level to the rear NE, and easily emptied from the front SW. At some point after the Argyll Furnace Co. quit, the store became un-roofed, as shown in the 1st edition Ordnance Survey map (it is interesting to note at this time there was a small roofed outshot to the SE, it is unknown what this was).

It is recorded that in the 1880s the store was converted to a Drill Hall, it is probable that it was at this time the windows were inserted and the roofline was altered. This subsequent re-use as a Drill Hall is of good local interest. The store has latterly been used as coal store and workshop.

References

Bibliography

J Hume, The Industrial Archaeology Of Scotland 2. The Highlands And Islands (1976) p.46 p.151; RCAHMS, Monuments of Industry (1986) p.114-115; RCAHMS, INVENTORY OF MONUMENTS OF ARGYLL VOL 7 (1992) p.486-491.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 20/11/2018 05:22