Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

HOLLAND, WINDMILL STUMP AND STORELB48097

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Group Category Details
100000020 - see notes
Date Added
23/07/2001
Local Authority
Orkney Islands
Planning Authority
Orkney Islands
Parish
Papa Westray
NGR
HY 48998 51290
Coordinates
348998, 1051290

Description

1865. Turret post mill stump; harled. Single storey grain store; flagstone.

WINDMILL STUMP

Tapered rubble tower, 2.9m high. Timber centre post in position. Flagstones cover top of stump.

SHED

E ELEVATION: central timber boarded door.

S ELEVATION: plain elevation.

W ELEVATION: central door.

N ELEVATION: plain elevation.

INTERIOR: open, empty interior.

Pitched roof; crude semi-crowstepped gables. Overseamed flagstone roof; aisins.

Statement of Special Interest

B-Group with Holland House, Pair of Storehouses/Bothies to NE of Holland House, Holland House Walled Garden, Walled Garden, Holland Farm and Holland Dovecot. Although situated some distance from the farm, the mill and store are part of the Holland Farm complex. The farm was once the home farm to the earlier Holland House (which was sited to the N of the current house). In 1814, as a result of the increased income from the kelp boom, George Traill built a new house beside the farm. After the collapse of the kelp boom in the 1830's, George Traill turned his attention to his farm and initiated some improvements including rebuilding much of the farm and also introducing one of the first horse-powered threshing mills in Orkney. Particular to Orkney, only a few turret post mills remain. Annotated as a corn mill on the 1st Edition OS Map, the windmill ground bere and continued in operation until early 20th century. In 1926 the timber superstructure was dismantled. A millstone lies beside the mill stump. The bere was stored in the nearby shed to the E.

References

Bibliography

1st Edition OS 25" Map, LXXI.13, 1881; A Fenton, The Northern Isles, 1978, p399; RCAHMS, THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES AND MONUMENTS OF SCOTLAND, 19, PAPA WESTRAY AND WESTRAY, 1983, p21; G Douglas, M Oglethorpe, J Hume, SCOTTISH WINDMILLS, 1990, pp36, 77-80; J Rendall, PAPAY, 1996, pp21-29; Holland Accounts Ledgers; additional information courtesy of Jocelyn Rendall.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 10/12/2018 06:32