Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site

4 SALISBURY ROAD, SYNAGOGUE CHAMBERS INCLUDING GATEPIERS AND BOUNDARY WALLSLB43172

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
29/03/1996
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 26704 72282
Coordinates
326704, 672282

Description

James Miller, 1929-1932; interior of synagogue divided at gallery level by Dick Peddie and McKay in 1979. 2-storey, cruciform-plan synagogue and community centre with various additions to rear and detached caretaker's house; Byzantine style simplified into geometric form. Whitwick red and purple handmade Sandstock brick.

W (ENTRANCE) BLOCK: N ELEVATION: single bay; central, round-arched entrance; recessed, stone doorway with carved Hebrew script to lintel; herringbone brick above; 2-leaf, panelled door; single stained-glass, round-arched window to 1st floor above. Inscribed foundation stone to right. W ELEVATION: 5 bay with outer bays advanced; steps to central, round-arched entrance; recessed stone doorway with carved Hebrew lettering to lintel; 2-leaf, panelled door; 3-pane, obscure glass fanlight; single, stained-glass window to 1st floor above and to both floors in bays to outer left and right. Advanced outer bays with single windows at ground and recessed, round-arched windows at 1st floor. Architect's name inscribed on foundation stone to N.

E ELEVATION: blank wall.

LINKING BLOCK: 2-bay; deeply recessed; single windows at ground; single, round-arched, stained-glass windows to 1st floor above.

E BLOCK: N ELEVATION: 3-bay; single windows at ground; single round-arched, stained glass windows to 1st floor above. W ELEVATION: single window at ground. E ELEVATION: 5-bay, advanced central block; doorways to N and S; central 3 bays slightly advanced; central bay (choir) bowed to form semi-circular apse with half-dome above; single window at ground with large, stained-glass, round-arched window breaking eaves above; single windows in flanking bays.

S ELEVATION: various projections, some single and some 2-storey, to rear accommodating a smaller synagogue, classrooms, meeting rooms, kitchen, ritual bath (Mikveh), tabernacle (Sukkah) and offices.

CARETAKER'S HOUSE: detached house in grounds to rear of main building; 2-storey with single storey block attached.

SYNAGOGUE INTERIOR: (divided at gallery level 1989 to create community centre at ground; access to synagogue via 2 staircases at vestibule end) galleried seating to N, S and W; choir room in semi-circular apse behind wrought-iron and blue stained-glass screen to E; centrally positioned Ark (Aron Hakodesh) in front of screen; French walnut with gilded decoration and Hebrew lettering above; raised platform (bimah) in front of Ark with pulpit and free-standing candelabra (menorah); geometric-design painted iron railings with wooden handrails surrounding platform; simple raked seating to nave; central almemar with railings as before. All woodwork fittings Port-Orford cedar; oak seating. Flat roof with saucer dome above the crossing of former transept and the nave. Vestibule to W end of hall with corridor at S leading to meeting, prayer and class rooms. STAINED GLASS: various symbolic designs to main hall, predominantly pale blue in colour (national colour of Israel);

4 windows by William Wilson to vestibule executed 1957; symbolic themes including menorah and Star of David.

GATEPIERS AND BOUNDARY WALLS: low coped brick wall to street; original railings; 2 pairs of square-plan, brick gatepiers with plain stone caps and cast-iron lamp stands (lamps missing).

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such. The architects brief was to design a building prestigious enough to make a notable contribution to the architecture of Edinburgh and to provide a focal point for the City's Jewish community. The building took 15 months to complete: the foundation stone was laid 3 May 1931 by Viscount Bearsted and the building consecrated on 11 September 1932. The total cost was ?20,000.

References

Bibliography

ARCHITECT & BUILDING News (2/1/1931), p22; Edinburgh Hebrew Congregation EDINBURGH HEBREW CONGREGATION AND ITS SYNAGOGUE (1936), pp16, 18 and plates on pages 5 and 22; Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1992), p636; A Sloan with G Murray JAMES MILLER: 1860-1947 (1993), p47; F Pearson WILLIAM WILSON: 1905-1972 (1994), p17.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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