Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
NT 80968 54773
380968, 654773


John Kinross, 1900. 2-stage Border pele tower with forestair, stair tower and cap house, adjoined to SE corner of dairy court (see separate listing). Sandstone rubble with droved ashlar dressings and part harling. Base course. Roll-moulded surrounds to openings. Deep, corbelled ashlar parapet with gablet coping and waterspouts.

FORESTAIR AND RECESS: encircling tower from S to W, stepping up over arcaded recess to W, with gablet coping to stone stair and carved armorial panel to half-way platt: W recess of 2 openings with squat columns and quasi-cushion relief carving to capitals, ornate cornucopia carving to central spandrel; heavy carving between columns to side wall; 2 decorative timber benches.

W ELEVATION: door at head of forestair to upper stage with shouldered surround jumping fleuron studs and with carved rose at centre; Miller crest carved to left of door; window above to right.

S ELEVATION: largely blank with window to upper stage at centre.

N ELEVATION: to dairy court. Door under cloister garth in ornate ogeed surround with carved fleuron and Miller motto carved on stone ribbon above. Stair tower projecting to left with gabled cap-house; narrow windows, 1 corniced, 1 ogee-arched, slab roofing and ridge finial.

E ELEVATION: deep base course; large window to lower stage at centre and smaller window off-centre left above; ashlar buttress to right carved with heraldic plaque.

Small-pane glazing to timber sash and case windows. Decorative lead hoppers and square downpipes. Boarded doors with decorative bronze handles. Leaded viewing platform.


MILK HOUSE: 3 x 3-bay, vaulted gothic interior in form of chapter-house, with marbles and alabaster from seven different countries, decoratively inlaid to floor, walls and bench of green marble. Stone groin-vault with carved boss at centre, of maid milking.

TEA ROOM: Tudor-gothic interior with built-in Spanish oak wall cupboards, ribbed geometric ceiling.

UNICORN STAIR: after stair to Old College, Glasgow University (except

2 unicorns instead of lion and unicorn). Flight of steps to S of dairy tower with decorative ashlar balustrade and panelled, ball-finialled dies at foot; dies at head of steps bearing lion and uniciorn statues, with lead horns and chains to cartouches.

Statement of Special Interest

Part of the Buxley A group. The unicorn stair is closely paralleled on that at Old College, Glasgow (demolished on the advent of the train), though here the guarding animals are a lion and a unicorn rather than two of the latter. The squat form of the tower, after examples such as Kirconnell Tower and Darnick Tower, was favoured by Kinross who designed similarly sturdy towers for his churches, St Peter?s Fraserburgh, and St Mary?s, Chapeltown. The arcaded seat recess echoes the form of covered walkways to laird?stown houses, such as Elchies House, Elgin, and the house (now altered) in Kirkgate, Leith. The Milk House form can be seen as inspired by the Chapter House at the Inchcolm Abbey and those of its ilk.



MacGibbon and Ross, CASTELLATED AND DOMESTIC ARCHITECTURE OF SCOTLAND, Vol IV, pp155-159, 329, 505: and Vol V, pp86, 311, 261.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 08/07/2020 05:58