Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

RENTON HOUSE INCLUDING PAVILIONS, SUNDIAL, QUADRANT WALLS AND BOUNDARY WALLSLB4105

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
09/06/1971
Supplementary Information Updated
26/01/2000
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Coldingham
NGR
NT 82274 65304
Coordinates
382274, 665304

Description

Early 18th century (possibly 1715) with later additions and alterations. Symmetrical 2-storey with basement and attic, 5-bay, rectangular-plan, austere classical house on Palladian plan. Later full-height, stepped portico to front; single storey addition to side (service courtyard); separate single storey, rectangular-plan pavilions flanking at front. Whinstone rubble throughout; cream sandstone dressings (pink sandstone dressings to later porch). Base course in part; lintel course; ashlar frieze and concave cornice at eaves. Rusticated quoins and plain pilasters dividing centre bays from outer; droved long and short surrounds to openings; shouldered margins at ground and 1st floors; shallow relieving arches at basement and ground; projecting cills throughout.

NE (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: grouped 1-3-1 with giant order pilasters defining outer bays. Projecting portico at centre comprising steps to advanced, flat-roofed porch with round-arched opening, balustraded parapet, 2-leaf timber panelled door with round-arched, stained and leaded fanlight set within; single window centred in pedimented projection recessed at 1st floor; bipartite window in box dormer aligned above. Single windows at all floors in remaining bays recessed to left and right (squat basement windows; keystoned windows at ground). Single storey addition slightly recessed to outer left with bipartite window at centre; full-width, balustraded pediment.

NW (SIDE) ELEVATION: 3-bay. Narrow window at 1st floor off-set to left of centre; single windows at all floors in remaining bays to right. Single windows at all floors in full-height portico recessed to left with round-arched window centred in lower, balustraded porch to outer left.

SW (REAR) ELEVATION: grouped 1-3-1 with quoins defining outer bays. Single windows at all floors in all bays; 2 bipartite windows in central box dormer; canted dormers to left and right. Single storey addition (service courtyard) to outer right with balustraded parapet; balustraded stair to front with single window to left.

SE (SIDE) ELEVATION: full-width, single storey projection (service courtyard) at basement with large, square-headed opening off-set to left of centre. Principal block set behind with single windows at ground and 1st floors in bay off-set to right of centre and bay to outer left; bipartite window in box dormer centred above. Single windows at all floors in full-height portico recessed to right with round-arched window centred in lower, balustraded porch to outer right.

8- and 12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows; decorative stained and leaded windows to porch. Grey slate piend and platform roof with swept eaves. Prominent sandstone stacks flanking centre; octagonal cans.

INTERIOR: single stair accessing all floors with rolled detail to stone treads. Reception rooms with timber panelled doors; timber skirting and dado rails; some dado panelling; plaster cornices; various fireplaces. Remainder not seen 1999.

PAVILIONS: single storey, rectangular-plan pavilions flanking house to front. Whinstone rubble; tooled cream sandstone dressings. Moulded eaves; rusticated quoins. SE PAVILION, SW ELEVATION: single windows in all 4 bays. NE ELEVATION: single windows in bays to outer left and right. NW ELEVATION: single window to left. SE ELEVATION: boarded timber door to left; large boarded timber opening to right. NW PAVILION, SW ELEVATION: boarded timber door off-set to right of centre; single windows in remaining bays to right and left. NE ELEVATION: single windows in all 3 bays (central bay originally door). SE ELEVATION: single windows in both bays. NW ELEVATION: single window (former door) to left; small-pane glazed door to right; piended dormer off-set to left above. Timber sash and case windows to both pavilions. Grey slate piended roofs with swept eaves. Squat, brick-built wallhead stacks. INTERIORS: not seen 1999.

SUNDIAL: irregular composition comprising 2 circular grinding stones forming stepped base; corniced, square-plan pedestal beneath square-plan, cream sandstone ashlar block with inscribed dial; coat-of-arms (Homes of Renton); panel embossed 'S.D R.H.I.D 1715'.

QUADRANT WALLS AND BOUNDARY WALLS: rubble-coped, rubble quadrant walls flanking entrance to NE. Rubble walls partially enclosing site (buttressed in part at rear).

Statement of Special Interest

Noted in the OS Name Book as "...a fine square built house with offices and farm attached." Once home to the Homes of Renton, this early 18th century house remains one of the most significant structures in the parish - its interest being both architectural and historic. As the sundial is dated 1715, it is probable that the house is circa this date. Features of particular note include the vertical division of the front and rear elevations - most unusual and, according to Strang, 'unparalleled'. Also of note is the forecourt, with its quadrant walls and flanking single storey, bell-cast pavilions (that to the NW being in separate ownership 1999). In the 19th century, Renton House was a coaching stop on the main road between London and Edinburgh and, as shown on the 1821 map, was known as 'Renton Inn'. Rutherfurd's notes Lady Stirling as resident here in 1866. The 1858 OS map shows a conservatory to the SE of the house (no longer in place). A photograph dated 1875 and held in the NMRS shows the garden elevation prior to the insertion of the dormers.

References

Bibliography

Armstrong's map, 1771 (evident). Thomson's map, 1821 (marked 'Renton Inn'). Ordnance Survey Name Book (1856-1858) Reel 61, Book 10, NMRS. Ordnance Survey map, 1858 (evident). RUTHERFURD'S SOUTHERN COUNTIES' REGISTER AND DIRECTORY (1866, reprinted 1990) p684. A Thomson COLDINGHAM: PARISH AND PRIORY (1908) pp163-169. C A Strang BORDERS AND BERWICK: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1994) p32. NMRS photographic records.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 16/11/2018 23:08