Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

LADE BRAES, LAW MILL AND LAWMILL COTTAGELB40930

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
C
Date Added
23/02/1971
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Burgh
St Andrews
NGR
NO 49226 15806
Coordinates
349226, 715806

Description

Dated 1757. Predominantly roofless former mill on sloping site incorporating kiln with distinctive pyramid roof forming T-plan and associated late to later 19th century cottage (see Notes). Sandstone rubble to mill with some ashlar margins. Squared and snecked sandstone with ashlar margins to single story and attic 3-bay cottage.

LAW MILL: E elevation partly ruinous with near-central section of wall missing, probably formerly cart arches. Segmental arched entrance with dated keystone to right. Eaves level loft opening to far right. Fragmentary remains of further buildings to S. Wheel-pit to N elevation with cast-iron outer frame of wheel and some remainder of mechanism to interior. Square-plan kiln with pantiled pyramid roof projects from W elevation.

LAWMILL COTTAGE: faces mill building. Symmetrical with low harled piended single bay to left. Central 2-leaf door with simple glazed rectangular fanlight above, windows in flanking bays. Symmetrical 3-bay elevation to rear (E) with pair of flat-roofed bipartite dormers at attic. To right further recessed bay.

Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Graded grey slate. Ashlar gable end stacks with cans. Ashlar-coped skews. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Special Interest

Law Mill, with its associated cottage, is a rare survivor of the many mills that once operated in this area. Law Mill was a corn Mill and its distinctive pantiled kiln is a particular striking feature. The first written record of a mill on this site is from 1570 when it was feued to David Orme of Priorletham by the Priory of St Andrews. It is possible that a mill has occupied this site since the 13th century (M Jarron & J Webster). The origin of the name "Law" is believed to be the Anglo Saxon word "hlaw", a burial mound most likely to be the nearby Hallow Hill (R N Smart, p 180). Law Mill was noted as being unusual by 1660 for being a double mill, denoting that it contained two sets of grinding stones. The mill was feued to Thomas Nicoll in 1848 and was to fall into decline from this period; the Nicoll family declared bankruptcy in 1913 after milling had stopped. The initials T N (Thomas Nicoll) can be found inscribed to the right side of the segmental arched opening to the Mill.

Law Mill had an important part to play in the development of the Lade Braes walk as a designed landscape. The Lade Braes name derives from hillside (braes) and a course of water (lade) denoting the course built, initially by the Priory of St Andrews in the 13th century, to divert the water from the Kinness Burn to the many mills that once existed in the area. The Law Mill initially drew water from the Lumbo Burn before 1843 and after this date the diverted waters of the Kiness Burn were also used.

The Lead Braes walk was developed further in the 19th century by John McIntosh, town councillor, and John Milne, councillor and architect. It was McIntosh who was responsible for covering the open 'lade' and beginning the process of tree planting carried on by Milne who laid out Cockshaugh Park.

Map evidence shows the associated cottage was built between 1852 and 1893 and it first appears on the 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map of 1893. The Mill and Cottage are part of what was once a larger complex. The 1893 map also shows a further separate building to the SW of which low fragmentary courses of stone now remain. Historic photographs showing the entire complex can be found in St Andrews Preservation Trust's photographic archive.

The kiln's pantiled roof was reinstated in the late 20th century. A millstone and some cast-iron fixtures of the wheel still (2006) exist in the interior of the Mill.

References

Bibliography

1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1852-5). 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map (1893-5). R N Smart "Notes on the Water Mills of St Andrews" (1989) in Three Decades of Historical Notes (ed. M Innes & J Whelan, 1991), p180-181. M Jarron & J Webster A Journey Through the Lade Braes (St Andrews Preservation Trust). St Andrews Preservation Trust Photographic Archive (Ref: LAW M 1-39). Information courtesy of owners.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 18/12/2018 13:14