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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.


Status: Designated


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  • Category: A
  • Date Added: 02/02/1988
  • Supplementary Information Updated: 21/04/2005


  • Local Authority: Argyll And Bute
  • Planning Authority: Argyll And Bute
  • Burgh: Rothesay

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NS 8372 65068
  • Coordinates: 208372, 665068


James Carrick, dated 1938 (competition won 1936). Asymmetrical, 2-storey and basement International Style entertainment pavilion with fully-glazed bowed wing to outer left cantilevered over recessed bowed, glazed vestibule; cantilevered canopy over 2nd floor terrace. Light buff-coloured synthetic stone (ashlar appearance); raised base, string and eaves courses; flat roofs. Overhanging terrace at 1st floor above central entrance; cubic stair projection off-set to right of centre; sheer wall above glazed row (ballroom) running full-width behind; raised red letters depicting "Pavilion" centred within. 2-storey, flat-roofed house to rear (converted for use as nursery late 20th century); harled; corniced eaves; projecting cills; similar glazing.

E (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: 2-leaf part-glazed timber doors centred at ground; flanking side lights; replacement fanlight. Single windows at ground in 5 bays to right of entrance; full-width glazed sun lounge at 1st floor; projecting stair tower comprising 2-leaf timber door at ground, tall stair window above in penultimate bay to outer right; bipartite basement window in bay to outer right; tripartite windows at 1st and 2nd floors. Single windows at ground in 2 bays to left of entrance; cantilevered terrace above; bowed vestibule at ground in bay to outer left (set of 3 2-leaf glazed timber doors to N; multi-paned plate-glass fanlights); bowed 1st floor cafe above; surmounting cantilevered canopy.

Modern horizontal glazing (part opaque at ground); flat roof. Large tapering flag-pole piercing overhanging terrace to front.

INTERIOR: refurbished. Set of 3 2-leaf glazed timber vestibule doors, flanking side-lights; quadripartite fanlights; bowed timber kiosk beyond, flanking single doors. Angular stairs to 1st floor; terrazzo-coloured floor comprising abstract geometric designs; large ballroom, long proscenium opening. 1st floor cafe in bow to outer left.

NW (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION HOUSE: part-glazed timber door centred at ground; flanking stylised pilasters; single windows in bays to left and right; cantilevered canopy above; single window centred at 1st floor. NE (SIDE) ELEVATION: single windows centred at both floors. Flat roof; coped central stack; circular can.

BOUNDARY WALL: low coped curved random rubble boundary wall to Argyle Street.

Statement of Special Interest

With the beginning of a new century and holiday-makers now free to travel with their cars, sea-side resorts were forced to do as much as possible to make themselves attractive. Thus, the emergence of leisure pavilions such as those in Dunoon, Prestwick, Gourock and Rothesay. Here, with a dance hall forming the bulk of the structure, glazing rows and cantilevered canopies, Carrick designed a pavilion which offered "...the Glasgow holidaymaker an experience at the forefront of style in Scotland" (McKean p86). Today, the building remains intact despite recent redecoration - note the early use of concealed electric lighting and air-conditioning, large expanses of curtain-wall glazing, flat roofs and roof walks. The promenade roof behind the upper balcony was finished in Lavacrete to give a dry surface immediately after rain. The original interior scheme was specifically designed to give the effect of a sunrise. Walker refers to this as "International Style Modernism at its best with little if anything of its period to equal it in Scotland" (p159). His photograph shows the main stair prior to redecoration with stepped, blocked bannisters and enclosed lights on each newel (now gone). Category changed from B to A, 21 April 2005 in recognition of this building being one of the most significant pleasure buildings of the style in the country, surviving in remarkably intact condition.

Rothesay is one of Scotland's premier seaside resorts, developed primarily during the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries, and incorporates an earlier medieval settlement. The town retains a wide range of buildings characteristic of its development as a high status 19th century holiday resort, including a range of fine villas, a Victorian pier and promenade.

The history and development of Rothesay is defined by two major phases. The development of the medieval town, centred on Rothesay Castle, and the later 19th and early 20th century development of the town as a seaside resort. Buildings from this later development, reflect the wealth of the town during its heyday as a tourist destination, and include a range of domestic and commercial architecture of a scale sometimes found in larger burghs. Both the 19th and early 20th century growth of the town, with a particular flourish during the inter-war period, included areas of reclaimed foreshore, particularly along the coast to the east of the town and around the pier and pleasure gardens.

(List description revised as part of Rothesay listing review 2010-11).



BUILDING NEWS Vol 59 (1890) p216; THE BUILDER Vol158 (1940) p394; B Edwards SCOTTISH SEASIDE TOWNS (1986) p115-120; C McKean THE SCOTTISH THIRTIES (1987) p86; F Walker & F Sinclair NORTH CLYDE ESTUARY: AN ILLUSTRATED ARCHITECTURAL GUIDE (1992) p159; A B D A plans (Municipal Pavilion for Rothesay, Town Council, 1936).

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

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Printed: 25/10/2016 23:41