Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

INCHINNAN ROAD, VICTORY BATHS, INCLUDING BOUNDARY WALL, RAILINGS, GATEPIERS AND LAMPSLB40420

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
10/07/1971
Local Authority
Renfrewshire
Planning Authority
Renfrewshire
Burgh
Renfrew
NGR
NS 50591 67596
Coordinates
250591, 667596

Description

T G Abercrombie, dated 1921. 2-storey, 5-bay, symmetrical, Scots Renaissance swimming pool with distinctive central round tower with bellcast roof and deep eaves to front (SW) and with gabled swimming hall to rear. Ashlar to front section; concrete rendered brick to rear. Raised cills; crowstepped gables to side gables. Base course, cornice. Dormers breaking wallhead with broken segmental-arched dormerheads with thistle icon in opening. Later rendered extensions to swimming hall at SW and NW.

SW (STREET) ELEVATION: symmetrical. Central 2-stage advanced entrance tower with steps leading to opening with moulded, corniced, key-stoned, shouldered architrave with dated key-stone. VICTORY BATHS in lettering above. Inscribed memorial stone above with flanking coats of arms. Moulded and corbelled cill-course to upper stage. Upper stage with 3 window openings with Doric pilastered architraves; surmounted by bellcast roof with thistle finial. Flanking symmetrical 2-bays. Continuous raised architraves to ground and upper storey window openings; aprons to upper storey.

INTERIOR: (seen, 2013). Original layout largely intact with swimming hall to rear. Entrance hall with wall-mounted timber war memorial. Some simple cornicing. Pool hall with fully glazed roof; Doric pilasters to side walls. Changing cubicles to poolsides at ground. Balcony above with timber seating.

Predominantly multi-pane timber windows; some with top-opening hoppers. Grey slates. Cast iron rainwater goods.

BOUNDARY WALLS AND RAILINGS: to street elevation. Low coped boundary wall surmounted by wrought iron railings with some decorative motifs. Square-plan piers to NW and SE.

GATEPIERS AND LAMPS: pair of capped, square-plan gatepiers to centre with base courses, blank stone plaques to street; surmounted by lanterns with metal stands.

Statement of Special Interest

This is a particularly fine and well-detailed swimming pool in the Scots Renaissance style with a distinctive and unusual round entrance tower with a striking bellcast roof. The stonework decoration to the street elevation is particularly fine and a thistle motif is apparent in the finial and dormerheads. The original boundary walls, gatepiers and lamps survive and these add to the significant streetscape presence of the building. Internally, the swimming pool has retained its unusual fully glazed roof and cubicles at the pool side.

The baths were donated to the town from Lord and Lady Lobnitz, who lived in the nearby Blythswood House (demolished 1935). They opened the pool in 1921.

There were originally public baths available in the basement. These are no longer in situ.

Thomas Graham Abercrombie (1862-1926) was one of the most important architects in Paisley. His work is particularly associated with the town and its surrounding area.

Swimming clubs and bath houses were established in Scotland from the 1850s following the enactment of the 1846 Act to Encourage the Establishment of Public Baths and Wash-houses, which was established to improve general public health with access for all classes of citizen. With the rapid expansion of urban population, often living and working in unsanitary conditions, bath and wash houses were seen as essential public services. The Act, which affected the entirety of Britain, encouraged local authorities to open up these facilities in areas of dense population. These bath and wash houses soon started to cater for recreational swimming as well as washing and became a hugely popular social past time during the 20th century.

List description updated as part of the sporting buildings thematic study (2012-13).

References

Bibliography

Ordnance Survey Map (1939), F A Walker, The South Clyde Estuary, (1986) p88. A Cumming, Old Renfrew, (1996) p38-9. Dr I Gordon and S Inglis, Great Lengths, (2009) p184-5. Dictionary of Scottish Architects, www.scottisharchitects.org.uk (accessed 16-04-13). Other information courtesy of owners.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 25/06/2019 02:29