Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

KIRK STREET, PRESTONGRANGE CHURCH, CHURCH OF SCOTLANDLB40320

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
05/02/1971
Local Authority
East Lothian
Planning Authority
East Lothian
Burgh
Prestonpans
NGR
NT 38820 74558
Coordinates
338820, 674558

Description

1596, enlarged and recast 1774, extended in 1911(?) W E Wallace, architect. Aligned E to W, with W tower, large N aisle, smaller S aisle, and porches to E and W. Stonework in sandstone variable with age - earliest work random rubble, then coursed rubble, latterly squared and snecked with stugged and smooth-dressed ashlar margins. Tower and E gable white-painted.

W ELEVATION: 3-bay. Central tower (1596) 4-sided, topped by broach roof and octagonal belfry (1774?), with clock face at upper level on all 4 sides, 2 small windows to W wall only. Flanked to S by single window at 1st floor level, infilled window to ground. Flanked to N by single round-arched window at 1st floor. Central porch (1911) advanced and piended, base course; door to S, 6-panelled, moulded architrave; bipartite window to both W and N.

E ELEVATION: large gable (1774) with single tall round-arched window (now internal). Large gabled porch and stairwell (1911) advanced to centre, with Venetian window to gable (E) with raised margins, keystone and bracketed cill; door to S, 6-panelled, round-arched and moulded surround in rusticated ashlar doorway with dentilled cornice; single plain window to N. Modern low flat-roofed extension adjoins at NE, with vestry etc.

S ELEVATION: irregular, essentially 7-bay. Highlighted by projecting Hamilton Aisle, roughly central; gabled with imposing central doorway to vault with heavy Gibbs architrave, moulded and rusticated with massive segmental keystone and cornice, below large wall-tabernacle with Corinthian pilasters and open pediment, flanked by small windows to each side; outside stair to plain doorway on N side; 1 small window to upper level on S. E section has 2 tall arched windows with keystone and impost blocks, several tombstones incorporated in wall. W section in 3 bays, westmost with single stairwell window over infilled doorway with rough relieving arch; eastmost with talled arched window with keystone and impost blocks; central bay retains moulded round-arched doorway, infilled.

N ELEVATION: symmetrical, 4-bay. Central 2 bays advanced as gabled N aisle with 2 tall round-arched keystoned windows facing N below ocular window, single window of same style to each side, flanked by same windows to E and W. 2 large rooflights to E and W.

Windows timber sash and case, small-pane, tall arched windows predominantly with 15 panes topped in Y-tracery pattern. Roof in graded Scotch slate, ridged in plain red clay tiles, simple finials. Small plain stacks to N aisle and Hamilton Aisle, decorative ashlar stack to E porch.

INTERIOR: essentially T-plan with galleries to E and W wings supported on single columns. Organ (Ingram of Edinburgh 1911) central in S wall, flanked by pulpit and communion table to left (E). Most fittings 1891.

GATELODGE AND PIERS: small gabled structure (19th century) mostly squared and snecked sandstone, dressings stugged and droved; plain door to E, small window in N gable, incorporates mortification panels of late 17th and early 18th century. Adjoins gatepiers in square-section ashlar, corniced with squat pyramidal caps. Gates in decorative cast- iron. Walls of random rubble with rubble cope.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiatical building in use as such. One of Scotland's first post- Reformation kirks, largely paid for by the first minister, John Davidson, on land bequeathed by the Hamiltons of Prestongrange. There was a church at Preston, or Saltpriestoun (later Prestonpans) since the 12th century, but this was destroyed by the English Army in 1544.

The Hamilton (or Prestongrange) Aisle originally formed the Laird?s loft, above the family burial vault, but the loft now houses the organ. An earlier aisle stood parallel to the S of the Hamilton Aisle, but was demolished in the 19th century, and only the surround of its inner doorway survives.

The kirkyard contains a number of interesting gravestones, including a few carved stones of the 17th and 18th century. Notable is that to John Stuart of Phisgul "......barbarously murdered by four Highlanders near the end of the Battle fought in the field of Preston, on the 21st September 1745".

Preston Parish Church united with the Grange Church, the erstwhile Free Church in West Loan, in 1981. It is now known formally as Prestongrange Church.

References

Bibliography

C McWilliam, Lothian, 1976, p 398; McGibbon and Ross, The Castellated and Domestic Architecture of Scotland, Vol V, p 171; A Guide to Prestongrange Church, church leaflet.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 16/06/2019 09:40