Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

WEDDERBURN CASTLE, LION GATE AND BOUNDARY WALLSLB4029

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Date Added
09/06/1971
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
Parish
Duns
NGR
NT 80530 53228
Coordinates
380530, 653228

Description

J Shaw of York, circa 1790, completed 1794.

NW ELEVATION: tall round-arched ashlar carriage gateway to centre with cornice and panelled piers, breaking cornice with round niches and pedimented, flanking Coade stone lion couchant. Flanking droved ashlar coped quadrant walls leading to advanced sentry pavilions; each pavilion with slightly advanced panel to centre with round-arched recess (deep niche to left; with iron ornamental gate to right); base course, cornice and parapet; string course to blocking course with further blocking course above, block pediment with coped stack at apex.

SE ELEVATION: lodge to left. 7-bay, grouped 1-3-3. Base course to 3-bay group to outer right. Slightly advanced pedimented bay to centre with band course at eaves height and round-arched panel recess with boarded door and flanking lights, and roundel above. Window to each flanking bay with broken pediment. 3-bay group to centre rubble with droved ashlar dressings, slightly set back from 3-bay group to right, with small window flanked by later bipartite window to left and boarded door to right. Stugged squared and snecked sandstone with droved ashlar dressings in later bay to outer right with bipartite window.

4-pane timber sash and case windows to lodge. Slate roof. Brick stack between outer bay to left and 3-bay group to centre.

GATES: ornamental wrought-iron 2-leaf gates with curved top (complementing quadrant walls).

INTERIOR: not seen, 1995.

BOUNDARY WALL: tall harl-pointed rubble wall with flat ashlar coping. Broken in few places and also occasionally dipped down.

Statement of Special Interest

Plans are still extant, signed and dated, showing the gate with barley-sugar cans to the wallhead stacks to the NW elevation. The SE elevation of the lodge (to the W of the gate) is a direct reference to Palladio?s church facades in the Veneto region of Italy. Subsequent additions, the 3-bay group to centre and (still later) the bay to outer left, interrupt the purity of the design, although the total design of the gate and lodge is very fine, despite later additions. The boundary wall was built by French prisoners of War and, according to the present architect of Wedderburn, its construction reveals French techniques. It has in recent times been broken in an unsympathetic manner. It is of great historical importance as part of the Wedderburn estate, and is a fine and, in general, well-preserved example of an estate wall. It has been listed as part of an A group category along with the Lion Gate and the S lodge, or W gate (see separate listing). The S lodge/W gate is stylistically indebted to this lodge, although it seems most probable that it was built by a local builder, in response to this finely detailed lodge.

References

Bibliography

A Rowan, "Wedderburn Castle, Berwickshire, the Property of Miss Georgina Home Robertson", COUNTRY LIFE, (August 8, 1974). Plans currently in possession of the current owner and architect in charge of structural repairs to Wedderburn Castle.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 19/11/2018 18:37