Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

LEONARD STREET, PERTH RAILWAY STATION INCLUDING CARRIAGE SHED AND GATEPIERSLB39340

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
26/08/1977
Last Date Amended
19/11/2010
Local Authority
Perth And Kinross
Planning Authority
Perth And Kinross
Burgh
Perth
NGR
NO 11220 23139
Coordinates
311220, 723139

Description

Sir William Tite (London) 1848 with later additions including Blyth & Westland 1884 and WA Paterson 1893 (see Notes). Expansive station complex comprising 1848 Tudor-Gothic multi-bay former ticket office block with off-centre 5-stage crenellated octagonal tower and later 1884 platforms to E. Later 1968 flat-roofed single-storey linking extension forming ticket office. Coursed, grey and pink sandstone with contrasting cream ashlar sandstone margins. Polygonal cast-iron columns to platforms. Stairways and bridges with decorative trellis iron balustrades and iron Tudor-arched detailing to balusters with iron handrail. Platform canopies with some decorative timber valances.

MAIN BUILDING: to W. Asymmetrical, 2-storey, long, multi-gabled block. Base course, eaves cornice, blocking course. Some hoodmoulds. Double-chamfered 2-and 3-light windows with stone mullions and transoms. Tudor-arched doorways. Some panelled timber leaf doors. Some advanced timber bay windows, and one timber oriel window. Buttressed crennellated tower with pointed-arch windows and pyramidal slate roof.

Predominantly timber sash and case windows. Slate roof to former office building, saw tooth glass roofs over platforms.

INTERIOR: former office and waiting rooms remain largely intact. One large room to ground with decorative coffered ceiling, timber floor, Corinthian columns and decoratively carved timber fire surround and panelling. Other rooms with some simple cornicing and panelled timber doors. Some fire surrounds.

CARRIAGE SHED: to NE. Large former carriage shed with cast-iron columns and trellis beams. Saw tooth corrugated iron roof with part clad sides open to ground and with some modern additions.

GATEPIERS: to N. Pair of narrow square-plan cast iron capped gatepiers, flanked by pair of larger, crenellated stone gatepiers.

Statement of Special Interest

Perth Railway Station was the major thoroughfare in the 19th century for passengers travelling from the South to the Highlands. The station has undergone a series of additions and extensions since its original conception, but the early buildings in particular retain their character and have good decorative detailing both externally and internally. The octagonal tower is an distinctive feature which gave the 1848 block an impressive frontage. Some of the impact of this has been reduced due to later additions, but the elevation reflects Perth's wealth and growing importance as a transport hub.

Originally know as Perth General Station, the railway station at Perth was originally built as a co-operative venture between the Edinburgh, Perth & Dundee Railway, the Scottish Midland Junction Railway and the Scottish Central Railway. The companies had to have a public enquiry before they could agree on a site for the station and it was jointly owned. The earliest section of former office and waiting room block, facing the current Platform 4 resembles Tite's previous station at Carlisle in 1847. The station was extended in 1884 to accommodate increasing numbers of travellers and Blyth & Westwood introduced curved platforms going to Dundee to the East with awning cutting into the original Tite block to the West. A pair of 3-arched Gothic openings with a linking corridor joined these two sections of the station to the North. This linking corridor was subsequently demolished and the Southern aspect of the V-shaped entrance was infilled in 1968 by a flat-roofed ticket office by the British Railway Board's Architects Office. Other extensions include platform awning to the West of the main block which was completed by Donald A Matheson in 1910-11 and a 2-storey extension to the North of the main block which was completed by A & A Heiton in 1854.

The wall standing to the West of the station was originally the eastern wall of one of the original station buildings which was demolished in 1866 to provide a larger carriage shed for the North British Railway; the openings are still visible in this wall.

The carriage shed to the North East is likely to have been built as part of the station's extensions in the 1880s and is unusual for being an open-sided carriage shed.

Sir William Tite (1798-1873) was a London-based architect whose work in Scotland is mainly confined to railway stations, as he worked for a short time for the Caledonian Railway.

Cunningham Blyth and Westland were a firm of consulting engineers with an excellent reputation. The majority of their work was for the railways.

Category changed from C(S) to B 04-05-93.

List description updated as part of Perth Burgh resurvey, 2010.

References

Bibliography

1st Edition Ordnance Survey Map, 1859-60. N Haynes, Perth & Kinross, An Architectural Guide, 2000, p24. John Gifford, Buildings of Scotland: Perth & Kinross, 2007 p611. Gordon Biddle, Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, 2003 pf708.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

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