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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

CRICHTON ROYAL HOSPITAL CRICHTON HALLLB3839

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Information

  • Category: A
  • Date Added: 26/06/1986

Location

  • Local Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Planning Authority: Dumfries And Galloway
  • Parish: Dumfries

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NX 98102 74396
  • Coordinates: 298102, 574396

Description

Mental hospital built in several phases, original part by William Burn designed 1835 and opened 1.6.1839 (only north half executed of original conception of 2 linked cruciform-plan blocks); extended to south by William B. Moffat, 1867-71 approximately following Burn's scheme, but in T-plan, with South show front. Rear (east) dining wing by Sydney Mitchell 1903-4 extended for a board room and nurses' residence 1923-6

by J Flett, Clerk of Works. Numerous lesser alterations/additions, including some glazed verandahs. 3 storeys. All stugged red ashlar with polished dressings and band course between 2 lower-floors; windows are single or tripartite and have keystoned architraves; most have aprons and open or scrolled pediments at 1st floor.

Original building: essentially 4 arms in Greek cross plan radiating from octagonal 4-storey stair well, and canted in angles. Wings have terminal blocks (substantial north block with 9 north-facing bays), main west-facing entrance (re-modelled by Mitchell) in original south terminal. North-facing arcaded depressed-arched galleries to upper floors all now galzed.

Cornice; some pierced parapets. 1867-71 addition: elevational treatment similar to that of original composition; long south elevation: variety of planes in symmetrical composition, 3 inner bays with central porch, round-headed 1st floor windows with broken pediments, square windows above and elaborated parapet; 2 circular stair turrets on east elevation (larger by Sydney Mitchell 1900-1). Dining and board room extensions are plainer, and have pedimented dormers; steel fire escapes on latter. Slate roofs.

Interior: 2 principal stairs one in original and second in 1867-71 range both by Moffat each enclosed by decorative lattice cast-iron and lit by cupola; stair in former range is octagonal and supported on Corinthian columns at each level; dining room in Edwardian Baroque style with Ionic pilasters, elaborate friezes and coffered ceilings; much fine wooden panelling and ceiling plasterwork; some corridor ceilings barrel- vaulted; recreation room above south door converted (with movable partitions) to form 3 rooms, inner room with Corinthian pilasters below remaining gallery.

Statement of Special Interest

Endowed by Mrs Crichton of Friars' Carse, whose husband had left his fortune (made in the Far East) to establish a university in Dumfries; that project failed and the money was used to found this hospital.

References

Bibliography

Many original architects' drawings held by Hospital.

Easterbrook, THE CHRONICLE OF THE CRICHTON ROYAL, 1940 (inc. photos)

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 31/07/2016 06:24