Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
South Lanarkshire
Planning Authority
South Lanarkshire
NS 87992 42611
287992, 642611


Circa 1790; wings probably added after 1798; interior refitted late 19th century. 2-storey, attic and basement, 3-bay, rectangular-plan, symmetrical, gabled house with single storey, 2-bay, piend-roofed wings. Random sandstone rubble with droved ashlar dressings. Eaves cornice. Tabbed quoins strips. Regular fenestration with raised margins; tripartite windows to wings. Regular fenestration to rear (street) elevation with central staircase window. One step up to central 2-leaf timber-panelled front door with fanlight to SW elevation.

Predominantly 12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows. Gablehead stacks with yellow clay cans; tall wallhead stacks to wings. Ashlar-coped skews. Graded grey slate roof to main block. Plain railings to basement area.

INTERIOR: simple but good internal detailing mostly dating from the late 19th century. Timber stair with timber balusters and rail. Egg and dart cornice in hallway; simple cornices elsewhere. 6-panelled timber doors, some with fanlights (now blocked). Classical chimneypiece, possibly late 19th century, in main room. Large stone chimneybreast in former kitchen.

Statement of Special Interest

This house, now known as David Dale's House, is an important component of the mill and village complex. It occupies a prominent site in the centre of the village and is of considerable historical interest. It is one of the two buildings that were occupied as a secondary residence by David Dale and his half brother James, the other being for the manager William Kelly, though it is unclear which was which. It is also unclear which of the buildings was occupied by Robert Owen and his family from 1798 until 1808 when he moved to Braxfield House to accommodate his large family. It has been suggested that the wings of this house may have been added by Robert Owen in order to enlarge the house for the 7 children borne by his wife during his stay here.

Recorded in the fire insurance inventory of 1903 as 'Rosedale Villa', it was at that date the manager's house and is described as having two storeys and attic with five rooms, kitchen and bathroom on the ground floor, four bedrooms at the first floor and two in the attic.

New Lanark was a pioneering cotton-spinning village, which became a model for industrial communities that was to spread across the world in the 19th and 20th centuries and is recognised as being of outstanding importance historically and in visual terms because of its completeness and its physical form. Elements of sophisticated early town planning are evidenced in the orchestration of the various components in the village, from the mill weir, its lade and tunnel to south, to the tunnels and sluices leading off to the individual mills, the crucially generous circulation spaces, gardens, tailored walks and viewing points realised from the start. It is surrounded by an incomparable natural and designed landscape, the mill buildings sitting on the natural terrace to the east of the River Clyde in this deeply incised, wooded river valley.

Built to exploit the water power offered by the Falls of Clyde, the mills were in operation from 1786 to 1968. The mill village is made up of industrial, residential and community buildings, dating predominantly from between 1786 and the 1820s. It was founded by David Dale, a Glasgow merchant, in conjunction with Richard Arkwright, a trailblazing inventor of the cotton spinning industry whose patents enabled operation on a considerable scale. Dale's humane philosophy, realised from the start in the buildings of New Lanark, was expanded by Robert Owen, who took over management of the mill village in partnership from 1799. Owen created an environment where child labour and corporal punishment were abolished, and provided workers with good homes, education and free health care as well as affordable food. He had a profound influence on social developments such as factory reform throughout the 19th century.

Within World Heritage Site inscribed 2001.

List description updated 2010.



1st edition Ordnance Survey map (1857). Insurance valuation of New Lanark Buildings with Inventory (1903). D McLaren, David Dale of New Lanark (1999). Historic Scotland, Nomination of New Lanark for inclusion in the World Heritage List, [2000].

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

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Printed: 25/06/2019 02:25