Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

ABERDOUR, HILLSIDE HOUSE INCLUDING PEDESTRIAN GATE TO SOUTH BOUNDARY WALLLB3596

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Group Category Details
100000020 - See Notes
Date Added
02/05/1973
Local Authority
Fife
Planning Authority
Fife
Parish
Aberdour (Fife)
NGR
NT 19018 85680
Coordinates
319018, 685680

Description

1800-1810. Basement and 2-storey, 5-bay rectangular-plan house (residential school, 2002) with irregular L-plan 1970s extension attached to W. Doric portico to principal elevation. Squared, snecked, stugged stone, droved ashlar to ground floor string course, eaves course. Raised, droved ashlar margins to arises with droved rybats, raised ashlar window surrounds. Eaves cornice with low parapet, coped pediment to advanced central section of S elevation. 1970s 2-storey L-plan school running to W and N of house; render, numerous openings (not included in listing).

N (ENTRANCE) ELEVATION: symmetrical elevation. Single storey portico to slightly advanced central entrance bay, 2 steps to raised platform bridging basement area. 2 Doric columns with corresponding pilasters supporting entablature with low parapet. Centred door with flanking pair of windows evenly arranged to slightly recessed bays at ground and 1st floor, moulded architraves, console brackets with acanthus leaf detailing supporting corniced hoodmoulds to ground floor windows. 5 evenly arranged small windows to basement.

E ELEVATION: near symmetrical elevation. Centred window to advanced central bay at ground and 1st floor flanked by shorter slit windows. Centred windows to outerbays at ground and 1st floor. Basement door with flanking slit window to right, modern rendered extension to left at advanced central bay to basement. Service courtyard opposite basement; flag stones to ground, rubble retaining wall with render to SE section, droved ashlar opening to service tunnel running to NE, rubble construction tunnel.

S ELEVATION: symmetrical 2-storey 5-bay elevation with advanced pedimented central bay. 3 steps to centred door at advanced bay, large 1st floor stair window set close above; both with console brackets supporting corniced hoodmould. Flanking pair of windows evenly arranged to slightly recessed bays at ground and 1st floor.

W ELEVATION: original ground and 1st floor windows arranged evenly to left. Modern 1970s extension to centre and right, blocked long window to right.

Timber panelled door, 4-pane lying-pane letterbox fanlight, decorative cast-iron fleur de lys railings to N elevation. Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Piended roof, grey slate, various rooflights. Low squat corniced stone stacks to central platform; pair to E, stack to centre, stack to W. Modern inserted fire-escape door to roof of W elevation, tile hung cheeks, cast-iron stairs to modern extension.

INTERIOR: entrance vestibule; decorative Minton tiles, full-height blind niche to right, pilastered central doorpiece with entablature. Hall; pilastered central doorpiece with entablature, large segmental arched openings blocked with modern doors leading to axial corridors running E-W. Decorative plasterwork to ceilings to principal rooms to NE and SE; SE with original grey marble fireplace flanked by blocked niches.

PEDESTRIAN GATE TO S BOUNDARY WALL: bold, squat doorpiece; central timber modern door, ashlar stone surround with inserted corniced capital, slightly advanced square pillars with coping and string course.

Statement of Special Interest

NOTES: B-Group with Hillside House Walled Garden. Hillside House is one of Aberdour's largest and grandest mansions. It is situated in a very prominent position on a raised embankment to the north of the village. The house was built on the site of a 17th century house: a lookout tower was created from the remains of the original house. To the SE of the tower stood a late 16th century dovecot, both structures were demolished in 1960. The houses? grounds were well landscaped, maps from the mid 19th century show tree lined avenues, well planted park land and a large walled garden to the north of the house. In 1856 Mary White describes a family outing and notes that the road they took was "over-arched with fine trees, barley fields and sheep on one side and the beautiful grounds of Hillside on the other". The house was served by a gatelodge to the south and one to the north. The north lodge (opposite Croftgary farm) no longer exists, however the remnants of a tree line avenue stretch towards Hillside. It is possible that the gateway to the new cemetery (which came into being in the earlier 20th century) along Mill Road and a set of pedestrian gates facing each other across Mill Road were re-sited from the north lodge. It is recorded that in 1822 the owner was a James Stuart, clerk to the signet. Stuart had a town residence in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh, Hillside was used as his country residence. He is remembered as fighting the second last duel in Fife in the village of Auchtertool. His opponent Alexander Boswell was fatally wounded, however Stuart at trial was acquitted of murder and was said to be 'a man of honour' (N MacDonald). In the early 1830s Stuart sold Hillside to William Fraser, the house was subsequently sold to the Witherspoon family in 1856 who remained there till 1934. During the Second World War the house was used by the armed forces, graffiti carved into the doors of a series of vaulted storerooms in the basement testify to where errant soldiers were held. In the 1960s the house was taken over by the Salesian Fathers of St John Bosco and used as a List D school, it was at this time that the modern extensions were added. In 1982 the school was purchased by the 'Hillside School Trust' and from this time onwards became a residential school. The house is used as one of the accommodation blocks for children attending the school, (2002).

References

Bibliography

REFERENCES: R Liston, THE STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND (1792) Vol 4 p331. H Ralph, THE NEW STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF SCOTLAND (1843) Vol 9 p718. 1st edition (Fife) Ordnance Survey map (1856). M White, BEAUTIES AND ANTIQUITIES OF ABERDOUR AND NEIGBOURHOOD (1862) p56. F Groome, STATISTICAL, BIOGRAPHICAL AND HISTORICAL GAZETTEER OF SCOTLAND (1882) p23. Niall MacDonald, ABERDOUR THE PAST HUNDRED YEARS (1981) pp18-19. J Gifford, THE BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND FIFE (1992) p66.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 21/04/2019 05:42