Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Scottish Borders
Planning Authority
Scottish Borders
NT 64994 20531
364994, 620531


1755, completed 1791. Gatehouse with pend running through, surmounted by square tower and spire.

GATEHOUSE: cream painted harl. White painted smooth margins; cills. Upper section of central bay, essentially base of tower, with long and short channelled quoins to E; terminating in band course at foot of clock tower.

N ELEVATION: 3-storey 3-bay; segmental-arched entrance to pend at slightly recessed centre; plaque immediately above (NEWGATE 1755) with panel above bearing shield depicting mounted knight, town motto STRENUE ET PROSPERE and date 1720; small square window at 3rd storey. Clasping bays flanking; bay to left with piend roof, tiny vent to prison cell at ground, rectangular window at 1st floor, square window above under eaves. Blank 4-storey bay to right adjoins courthouse with pitched roof; punched blind opening at ground and vent above.

E ELEVATION: blank apart from corniced door to right at 1st floor, approached by forestair of slender iron columns and stone steps with arrowhead railings. Wallhead stack.

S ELEVATION: similar to N elevation; central recessed bay with arched entrance to pend and 2 windows above. To right, vent at ground, and very tall window above. To left, punched ventilator opening at ground and vent above (as N elevation), single windows to 2 upper floors. To far left, recessed link to courthouse (see separate listing).

Multi-pane timber sash and case windows. Piend roof to E, pitched to W; grey slates.

TOWER: 2 square stages rendered as ashlar with ashlar spire above; all faces identical. 1st taller stage with round-headed louvred belfry window, cornice; 2nd stage set back with pedimented central bay flush with lower stage and containing round clock. Shallow ashlar dome above supporting octagonal spire; wrought-iron weather-vane with cockerel. S face of 1st stage with date panel 1791.

INTERIOR: pend is joisted, not vaulted. Cell to E vaulted rubble. Cell to W. W bay incorporated into courthouse.

Statement of Special Interest

Scheduled Monument; the Newgate is attached to the old County Buildings, now the Sheriff Court (see separate listing). The prison and gate were probably built in 1755, although the panel dated 1720 suggests there may have been an earlier building. It probably stands on the site of the principal entrance to the abbey precinct. The pend was originally closed by two pairs of folding gates. The spire was only completed in 1791, at the expense of Sir Hew Dalrymple who was standing for election at the time. It is 120 feet high. There are 3 bells, the oldest of which is pre-Reformation and probably came from the Abbey.



RCAHMS INVENTORY Vol I no 426. James Watson SMAIL'S GUIDE TO JEDBURGH AND VICINITY 1880 4th edition p38. Alexander Jeffrey THE HISTORY AND ANTIQUITIES OF ROXBURGHSHIRE London 1857 Vol II pp99-100.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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