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Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

HIGH STREET, TWEEDALE COURT, WALLING TO WEST OF COURT AND TO SOUTH OF TWEEDALE HOUSELB29058

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Information

  • Category: B
  • Date Added: 13/08/1987

Location

  • Local Authority: Edinburgh
  • Planning Authority: Edinburgh
  • Burgh: Edinburgh

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NT 26124 73656
  • Coordinates: 326124, 673656

Description

Substantial fragment of walling running N to S at W side of Tweeddale Court, date and purpose uncertain, but comparatively early and perhaps a fragment of the 1450 town wall. Rubble-built with shallow cavetto-moulded cope. Truncated at S end with 18th century dressings. 18th century 'Sedan Chair Hous'' (see separate listing) lean-to adjoining E side. A further stretch of wall of similar construction and massing continues to the S of Tweedale House following the same line.

Statement of Special Interest

These two fragments of wall possibly contain the only parts of the original town wall of 1430 that have not been incorporated into the fabric of later buildings. Its lack of original openings, including a blocked segmental-arched infill, and scale (20 feet at its highest) suggest a non-domestic, possibly defensive function. Adjoining the wall at the entrance to Tweeddale Court are a pair of early decorative pedestrian 2-leaf wrought-iron gates.

Edinburgh's approach to city wall construction had a lasting effect on the town plan and the height of its buildings. The original wall, built between 1450 - 1475 is also known as the 'King's Wall'. The later Flodden Wall 1514 - 1560 running from the Castle to the Pleasance was also built for defensive purposes, but had the effect of retaining expansion Southwards for over 200 years. The Telfer Wall of 1628 - 1636 stretched down to the Grassmarket and south just beyond Greyfriars.

List description revised as part of the Edinburgh Holyrood Ward resurvey (2007/08).

References

Bibliography

John Gifford et al, Buildings of Scotland - Edinburgh, (1991) p234.

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 06/12/2016 12:12