Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Local Authority
Planning Authority
NT 25091 74065
325091, 674065


1786-92. 3-storey basement and attic 8-bay classical tenement on corner site. Broached cream sandstone ashlar with polished dressings. Long and short quoins at S corner; band course above 1st floor; eaves cornice. Ground floor built out as modern plate glass shop to 2 left bays. Corniced architraved doors to 3rd (en suite with shopfront), 4th and 6th bays from left. Centre door (common stair) with 3-pane fanlight; No 56 with delicate metal fanlight; centre right window at ground enlarged. Incongruous full-width slate-hung dormer to 3 left bays with pair of canted piend-roofed windows; canted piend-roofed dormer to far right.

Coursed rubble gable, rendered at ground, with windows to centre and left at ground and 1st floor.

12-pane timber sash and case windows. Ashlar coped skews; rendered stacks; grey slates.

INTERIOR: modernised shop at ground, with direct access to original tight central stair (also accessed from front door) with plain square banisters; 2-bay room at 1st floor with grey marble Grecian chimneypiece. No 56 extended to rear at basement and ground; Hall with inner pilastered screen with fanlight, pilastered archway; stair on axis with plain square banisters; former Dining Room with earlier 19th century black slate chimneypiece and overdoors; SW room chimneypiece with marble slips and cast-iron grate; former 3-bay Drawing Room with panelled dado and fine white marble chimneypiece with engaged Ionic columns and central tableau (Leda and Swan); further front room at 1st floor with reeded chimneypiece and cast-iron Gothic grate; corridor created to NW giving access to No 58 (see separate listing). Both flats (No 54) divided internally into 2; that to N mostly refurbished, that to S unseen 1995.

RAILINGS: cast-iron spearhead railings.

Statement of Special Interest

A large quantity of original crown glass survives. No 56 interconnects with the offices at Nos 58-62. A Group with Nos 58-62 (even nos) Frederick Street as a significant surviving part of the original fabric of Edinburgh?s New Town, one of the most important and best preserved examples of urban planning in Britain.



RCAHMS INVENTORY no 137. Gifford, McWilliam and Walker EDINBURGH (1988) p297-8. A J Youngson THE MAKING OF CLASSICAL EDINBURGH (1966) p92.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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