Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

3-21 (ODD NUMBERS) CHESTER STREETLB28517

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
14/12/1970
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 24181 73707
Coordinates
324181, 673707

Description

John Lessels, 1862-70. 3-storey attic and basements, extensive astylar renaissance terrace with unified townhouse façade and main-door and common stair flats behind, slightly advanced 4-storey corner blocks; later ashlar attic storey to W corner block. Basement area to street including some vaulted cellars and retaining walls. Sandstone ashlar; droved ashlar at basement, channelled ashlar at ground floor. Entrance platts oversailing basements. Banded base course between basement and ground floor. Banded cill courses at 1st and 2nd floors; E corner block; moulded cill courses; bracketed cills at 2nd floor. Moulded cill course at attic, fielded panels alternating with windows above. Corniced consoled eaves course. Architraved windows, corniced at 1st floor. W corner block: stepped parapet with plain fielded panels. Recessed round arched surrounds at ground floor; corniced and pedimented at 1st floor. Centre terrace: architraved windows at 1st floor, segementally arched and with small rosette to cornice in alternate openings. Moulded architraved windows at 2nd floor. Cast-iron balconies.

Plate glass in timber sash and case windows. Timber 6-panel doors in round arched surrounds with plain fanlight. Additional narrow sidelights to W corner block. Double pitch M-section roof; grey slates. Corniced ashlar gable and ridge stacks with modern clay cans. Cast-iron railings on ashlar coping stone edging basement recess to street. Cast-iron rainwater goods.

Statement of Special Interest

This is a well detailed and largely unaltered example of a Victorian terrace, designed by John Lessels. The uninterrupted run of terraces has been affected little by later alterations, and is amongst the finest of its type. The Astylar Renaissance style of the block is more characteristic of the earlier parts of the Walker Estate whilst the rosettes are characteristic of a more decorated Victorian style. The east corner block is also clearly reminiscent of Robert Brown's designs for earlier parts of the Walker Estate (see separate listings for Melville Street).

John Lessels secured the control over the Walker Estate in 1850, only 4 years after he had set up practice on his own in 1846. He later went on to work for the City Improvement Trust in Edinburgh, and gained a wide experience of residential design with further designs in both the old and new towns of Edinburgh as well as some large commissions such as significant alterations to George Watson's Hospital.

(List description revised 2009 as part of re-survey.)

References

Bibliography

Ordnance Survey, Large Scale Town Plan, (1893-4); J Gifford, C McWilliam, D M Walker, The Buildings of Scotland: Edinburgh (1988) p. 370; West End Community Trust, Edinburgh's West End, A Short History, 1984.

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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