Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

HOLYROODHOUSE, PALACE COACH HOUSELB28026

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Group Category Details
100000019 - See Notes
Date Added
14/12/1970
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 26835 73857
Coordinates
326835, 673857

Description

Mid 19th century reworking of probable earlier fabric. 2-storey, 3-bay, crowstepped former coachman's house with corbelled turret with pepperpot roof at SE corner. Rubble with raised ashlar margins. Rubble string course. Ashlar parapet to E, stepped over each bay. Entrance elevation to E with central 6-panelled timber entrance door with 3-light fanlight above. Corniced, moulded door surround. 2 flat-roofed dormers to rear (W).

Predominantly 12-pane timber sash and case windows. Coped gable stacks. Cast iron rainwater goods.

INTERIOR: original room plan largely extant. Some decorative cornicing and marble fire surrounds. 6-panel doors, some with carved doorheads. Tight, open-well stair with cast-iron balusters and timber handrail. Some working shutters.

Statement of Special Interest

The ground beneath the Palace of Holyroodhouse and nearby structures (including Croft-an-Righ House, the buildings on the N side of Abbey Strand and the buildings around Mews Court) is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 for its archaeological importance. The upstanding remains of Holyrood Abbey and Queen Mary's Bath are also scheduled monuments. Significant upstanding and below-ground archaeological remains may survive as part of and in addition to the structures and features described above.

This former coachman's house is situated in the SE corner of the Abbey Courtyard and is an important integral part of the Holyroodhouse complex. The house is constructed from random rubble masonry. It is likely that some of the external fabric dates from the early 19th century and the turret to the SE corner and the parapet were probably added in the 1850s and 60s as part of Robert Matheson's improvements to the buildings at Holyrood.

The building is not clearly defined in the 1st Edition Map of 1849-53, but by the 2nd Edition of 1876, the building is depicted with a similar room plan as today.

In the 1850s and 1860s, Robert Matheson (c1807-1877), the Clerk of Works for Scotland, carried out a programme of gradual improvements to Holyrood Palace, the Park and the Abbey Precincts, at the request of Queen Victoria and it is likely that this house was one of the buildings to be upgraded at that time. These improvements included designing Lodges for the entrances to the Park and the fountain in the forecourt.

In 1128, David I built an Augustinian Abbey at Holyrood. This flourished and when the Royal Court was in Edinburgh many Royal Guests chose to stay in the guesthouse of the abbey rather than the Castle, as the former was considered more comfortable. In 1501, James IV built a Palace on the site of the Abbey guesthouse and a gatehouse was constructed. This gatehouse was demolished in 1753 and the surrounding area is thought to have become quite dilapidated. In 1822-3, the King's architect, Robert Reid began a new building programme in the area, but it was not until the more comprehensive rebuilding programme by Robert Matheson in the 1850s and 60s that many of the current buildings were constructed. The building is currently in use as an Education Centre (2007).

Part of A-group comprising: Palace of Holyroodhouse; 28 and 30 Croft-An-Righ (Croft-An-Righ House); Abbey Strand Eastern Building; Abbey Strand Western Building; Queen Mary's Bath House; North Garden Sundial; Palace Forecourt Fountain; Abbey Court House; Gatehouse and Former Guard Rooms; Palace Coach House; Stables; Queen's Gallery (see separate listings).

List description revised as part of the Edinburgh Holyrood Ward resurvey (2007-08). List description updated 2013.

References

Bibliography

1st Edition Ordnance survey Map (1849-53). 2nd Edition Ordnance Survey Map, (1876-7).

About Listed Buildings

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing and if a number or name is missing from a listing address it may still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing can also cover structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority advises on the need for listed building consent and they also decide what a listing covers. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 20/03/2019 00:46