Skip to content
Print
Listed Building

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site only. All other information in the record is not statutory.

COLINTON ROAD, REDFORD CAVALRY BARRACKS WITH OFFICER'S MESS, BALACLAVA HOUSE, GUARD HOUSE, GATES, GATEPIERS, SERGEANT'S MESS, FORMER BAND BLOCK, EDUCATION BLOCK, FORMER STABLES, STORES AND OTHER ANCILLARY BUILDINGSLB28009

Status: Designated

Documents

There are no additional online documents for this record.

Summary

Information

  • Category: B
  • Group Category Details: B - (see NOTES)
  • Date Added: 19/12/1979

Location

  • Local Authority: Edinburgh
  • Planning Authority: Edinburgh
  • Burgh: Edinburgh

National Grid Reference

  • NGR: NT 22465 69545
  • Coordinates: 322465, 669545

Description

Harry B Measures, 1911-1917. Cavalry Barracks with main Barrack Block (Building 25), Officers Mess (Building 3), Balaclava House (Commanding Officer's House, Building 1), Former CO's stable (Building 2), Guard House (Building 53), Gates and Gatepiers, Sergeant's Mess (Building 50), Former Band Block (Building 18), Education Block (Building 52), Former Stables (Buildings 5-8, 19-24, 30-35), and Stores (Buildings 5, 9, 10, 13, 14a, 26, 28, 29, 36, 39,40-45). Colonial Free Style buildings of coursed bull-faced rubble with pale ashlar dressings; less important buildings rendered. All buildings with long and short quoins and window margins; most buildings with cill and lintel courses and projecting sandstone cills.

All buildings with graded grey slate and ashlar-coped skews.

BARRACK BLOCK (BUILDING 25): 3-storey with attics to gables and end-bays, 57-bay, T-plan building with 9 internal courtyards. Advanced central entrance bay with tall copper-domed clock-tower; advanced square end-pavilions with pavilion roofs; advanced 3-bay sections between central tower and pavilions with triangular bay at ground, recessed, arcaded balconies at 1st and 2nd floors, and nook-shafted Dutch gables with Diocletian windows at attic; smaller advanced 2-window bays, between larger advanced bays, with large canted windows at ground, and semicircular pediment with flanking finials at roof. Ground floor with alternating wide and narrow round-arched, key-blocked openings. Channelled ashlar to ground floor; base course, string courses to all floors, eaves course. Principal entrance through round arch in large gabled porch; flanking octagonal butresses with arcaded decoration and hemispherical caps; lion rampant on pedestal at gable apex with nook shaft below. Clock tower behind with similar octagonal butresses at corners, rising from first floor; regular fenestration at 1st and 2nd floors; circular clock face at 3rd floor; octagonal, domed belfry above with round-arched openings in aediculed surrounds. Dutch gabled ends to NE, SW and SE with finialled nook-shafts and triangular chimney breast corbelled out at first floor. Similar fenestration and arrangement of bays to sides. Single-storey section to rear; regular fenestration to courtyards with some advanced gables.

Pedominantly timber sash and case windows with small-pane glazing in upper sashes and 2-pane glazing in lower sashes; timber casements at ground floor.

OFFICERS MESS (BUILDING 3): 3-storey, 29-bay, crescent-shaped building with irregular plan. Advanced entrance to centre; segmental arch with bowed balcony above, flanked by massive decorative piers; nook-shafted Dutch gable at attic with round-arch window. Round turrets to flanking wings with octagonal lanterns and finialled copper domes. Central 2-leaf half-glazed timber panelled door with fanlight in stop-chamfered, roll-moulded, segmental-arched architrave and flanking windows all within larger segmental arch; advanced scrolled keystone supporting bowed balcony; flanking decorative piers with finialled copper ball caps behind mini scrolled pediments and 'GvR' and '1914' inscribed in decorative wreaths. 6-window canted bays between centre and round turrets. 2-leaf, half-glazed timber panelled doors with fanlights in segmental arches with prominent scrolled keystones to turrets. Regular fenestration to rear. Interior: octagonal entrance hall with coved ceiling and octagonal lantern; timber mantlepieces to dining room and drawing room with central panels inscribed 19 GvR 14. Predominantly 12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows.

BALACLAVA HOUSE (BUILDING 1): Commanding Officer's House. 2-storey and attic, 3-bay, irregular-plan house with advanced gabled outer bays and peinded swept roof. Slit windows to gable apexes. NE elevation with advanced gables to outer bays; tripartite windows to both floors. Advanced bell-cast roofed porch to right of central bay; cat-slide roof recessed behind with 6-light dormer at 1st floor and tripartite dormer to attic. Scullery outshot from SE elevation. 7-light canted window to NW. Advanced central gable to SW (garden) elevation, with advanced 5-light box bay at ground and quadripartite window above.

FORMER COMMANDING OFFICER?S STABLE (BUILDING 2): 2-storey with single-storey wing, 2-bay stable with hayloft and walled forecourt. Coursed rubble at ground; rendered at 1st floor. Central entrance arch with hayloft door above; eliptical arch with 2-leaf barn door to left; window above; stable door to wing; 2-light, flat-roofed dormer to attic.

GUARD HOUSE (BUILDING 53): single-storey and attic, 3-bay building with advanced canopy supported on cast-iron columns and 2-bay flat-roofed wing to side. Central door with 2 windows to right; 2 large gabled dormers to attic with diocletian windows. 12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows.

GATEPIERS AND GATES: cylindrical gatepiers with ball caps and arcaded detail below cornice. Flanking curved walls with flat coping between raised corniced piers with ball caps. 2-leaf cast-iron gates and pedestrian gates to sides.

FORMER SERGEANT?S MESS (BUILDING 50): single-storey with 2-storey section to outer left, 14-bay, irregular-plan piend-roofed building of 2 wings joined by 3-bay link building. Eaves course. 7-bay block to right with advanced 3-bay section to centre with scrolled pediment over central window. Plain 2-storey section to left with 2-leaf timber door in simple architrave surround in slightly advanced right-hand bay. Timber sash and case windows with 6-pane glazing in upper sashes and 4-pane glazing in lower sashes; 12-pane glazing to 2-storey block. Corniced stacks with red clay cans.

BAND BLOCK (BUILDING 18): 2-storey, 23-bay, rectangular-plan building with central advanced gabled bays to NW and SE. Regular fenestration with bipartite windows in 5th bays from right and left; round-arched doorways in penultimate bays from central gable (NW elevation only); tripartite diocletian window at 1st floor of central gables. Eaves course. Timber sash and case windows with small pane glazing in upper sashes and 2-pane glazing in lower sashes. Corniced stacks with red clay cans.

EDUCATION BLOCK (BUILDING 52): single-storey, 4-bay, rectangular-plan building with gables at end bays and dormer-head windows breaking eaves to centre. Rubble to dado, rendered above. Tall, transomed bipartite windows with lower flanking windows in each bay. Entrance to SE in single-storey outshot. Modern additions to SE and NE. 12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows.

STABLES (BUILDINGS 6-8, 19-24, 30-35): gabled stable blocks with ridge vents and original timber boarded doors. Buildings 6-8 with haylofts, drop-platforms, hoists and irregular fenestration; buildings 19-24 with bipartite windows at eaves and Diocletion windows to gable ends.

OTHER BUILDINGS (BUILDINGS 5, 9, 10, 13, 14a, 26, 28, 29, 36, 39, 42-5): principally stores with gabled ends and regular fenestration. Most buildings of coursed rubble; some rendered.

Statement of Special Interest

B-Group with Infantry Barracks. Harry B Measures was the first (and only) holder of a new civilian post, Director of Barrack Construction, which was created in 1904 in order to free the Royal Engineers for other, more military, duties. His first project was a cavalry barracks at Norwich, but this was never built. However, the Cavalry Barrack Block at Redford was based on his designs for the one at Norwich. When it was built, Redford Barracks was not only the largest Barracks to be built in Scotland since Fort George, but also the best equipped and most advanced barracks in Britain, incorporating all the latest developments in training and accommodation. Together with Sandhurst College, it marks the culmination of barracks building and reflects the military confidence of Britain at that time. The magnitude of the building programme was so great that the builders, Colin MacAndrew Ltd, built their own railway to transport materials from the main line at Slateford. The cavalry barracks replaced the barracks at Piershill, the site of which was bought by Edinburgh City Council in 1934, and redeveloped by Ebenezer McRae to form Piershill Housing Estate. When it was built, Redford Cavalry Barracks could stable 1000 horses. The stables are now used as garages and stores, but retain many of their original features. The Barrack block was built with an unusual roof construction using concrete beams, to which the slates were nailed directly.

References

Bibliography

Appears on 1914 and 1932 OS maps. Scottish Civic Trust, HISTORIC BUILDINGS AT WORK (1983), p143. Gifford, McWilliam & Walker, BUILDINGS OF SCOTLAND: EDINBURGH, pp517. Douet, BRITISH BARRACKS 1600-1914 (1998), p189.

About Designations

Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for the designation of buildings, monuments, gardens and designed landscapes and historic battlefields. We also advise Scottish Ministers on the designation of historic marine protected areas.

Listing is the way that a building or structure of special architectural or historic interest is recognised by law through the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings of special architectural or historic interest using the criteria published in the Historic Environment Scotland Policy Statement.

The statutory listing address is the legal part of the listing. The information in the listed building record gives an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building(s). It is not a definitive historical account or a complete description of the building(s). The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

Listing covers both the exterior and the interior. Listing can cover structures not mentioned which are part of the curtilage of the building, such as boundary walls, gates, gatepiers, ancillary buildings etc. The planning authority is responsible for advising on what is covered by the listing including the curtilage of a listed building. For information about curtilage see www.historicenvironment.scot. Since 1 October 2015 we have been able to exclude items from a listing. If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the Historic Environment Scotland Act 2014. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect current legislation.

If you want to alter, extend or demolish a listed building you need to contact your planning authority to see if you need listed building consent. The planning authority is the main point of contact for all applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot. You can contact us on 0131 668 8716 or at designations@hes.scot.

Images

There are no images available for this record.

Map

There is no map available for this record.

Printed: 27/07/2016 10:34