Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

DISTILLERY LANE AND DALRY ROAD, CALEDONIAN DISTILLERYLB26811

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
B
Date Added
26/10/1989
Local Authority
Edinburgh
Planning Authority
Edinburgh
Burgh
Edinburgh
NGR
NT 23831 73059
Coordinates
323831, 673059

Description

1855 to circa 1880. Large grain whisky distillery complex of sandstone rubble-built buildings, some given Baronial detailing. Slate roofs. Windows shuttered or barred.

From E to W: DUTY-FREE WAREHOUSES NOS. 3 AND 9: John McLachlan, 1887. Tall 4-storey bonded warehouse.

N ELEVATION: squared and stugged sandstone. 4 crow- stepped gables with gun-loops in gableheads, 2 gables to left advanced (6 bays deep); 2 bays to each gable. 2 gables to W set back (outer W gable set back slightly further). Segmental-arched ground floor doors and 2nd floor windows; 3rd floor oculi.

W ELEVATION: 18 bays; similar to above.

E ELEVATION: blank, rubble with ashlar coping to raised wallhead.

POWER HOUSE: 2-storey. Situated in re-entrant angle of bond with 2-bay arched-windowed W gable. Ridge ventilator. Modern brick-built office adjoins S elevation.

CHIMNEY STALK: circa 1870-1880, landmark exactly aligned with Shandwick Place. Circular section, approximately 300 feet tall, top formerly as flared funnel, now reduced slightly and rebuilt in yellow brick.

PATENT STILL HOUSE: dated 1855 in armorial. Tall rectangular-plan building with 3 arched windows at upper level and curved sheet metal-clad roof with ridge ventilator. Housed single Coffey Still.

INTERIOR: mash house and tun room.

MALTINGS TO W: 5-storey 6-bay , rubble-built with piended, sawtooth roofs; 2 end bays to W altered, kiln roof. Granaries to rear altered internally from multi- storey to 6 silos. Further maltings to W demolished circa 1983.

OFFICE (TO FRONT): 2-storey, with rear to railway line. 3-bay E elevation. Piend roofs.

DUTY-FREE WAREHOUSE NO. 6: 3-storey bond.

N ELEVATION: 8 Baronial gabled bays, 2 windows to each bay. E gable advanced with conical-roofed stair turret in re-entrant angle.

Statement of Special Interest

Built by Graham Menzies & Co, 1855 merged with DCL 1884. Duty Free Warehouses Nos 3 and 9 were described by Barnard as 'a new lofty Gothic structure, a notable object from the railway as you approach Haymarket Station'. For many years the largest or second largest distillery in Scotland. In 1887 employed 220 and produced 2,000,000 gallons. It was considered by Barnard that 'in all respects it may be called the model distillery of Europe, as it contains every improvement of machinery and new patent known in distilling and fully justifies the appellation'. Still house housed a single Coffey still.

The best preserved of Scotland's big grain whisky distilleries, having changed little externally since the 1880s; notable particularly for its complete still house, claimed to have held the biggest patent still in Europe, and its chimney, amongst the biggest of Victorian chimneys surviving in Scotland. The distillery closed in 1988.

References

Bibliography

Dean of Guild 14.4.1887. Alfred Barnard THE WHISKY DISTILLERIES OF THE UNITED KINGDOM 1887 (republished 1969,1987) pp297-300. Moss and Hume THE MAKING OF SCOTCH WHISKY 1981 pp96-7, 279. Gifford et. Al. EDINBURGH p510.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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Printed: 25/05/2019 06:23