Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.

ST MICHAEL'S STREET, ST MICHAEL'S CHURCHLB26335

Status: Designated

Documents

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Summary

Category
A
Group Category Details
100000019 - 263, 264
Date Added
11/07/1961
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Burgh
Dumfries
NGR
NX 97552 75692
Coordinates
297552, 575692

Description

1740-2 church tower; spire contracted for in 1742 by

Alexander Fleck and Thomas Twaddel and added to previous

church; latter demolished, present church built 1744-6,

contractors Fleck and Twaddel with James Harley. All built of

red sandstone, ashlar dressings and margins.

Tower: square-plan; 4 undiminishing stages with rusticated

openings, simple pinnacles enclose base of facetted tall

(50') stone spire with lucarnes, gilded finial and cock.

Vestibule opened, and present main door probably also formed,

1827.

Church: rectangular-plan, with key-blocked round-headed

windows, piended and platformed leaded and slated roof.

2 tall W-facing lights flank tower; 2 tiers openings to

other elevations, though E wall also has 2 tall windows

flanking pulpit; 4-bay long (N and S) flanks originally

with doors in outer bays; doors nearest tower with 19th

century porches; 1869 vestry at NE enlarged 1881. Eaves

course; cornice.

Interior: divided by 2 large stone arcades into "nave and

aisles"; much altered; re-seated 1869; renovated 1881 and

timber galleries (to 3 walls) renewed; pulpit central on

each wall also probably 1881, though incorporating original

back-board pilasters and bell-cast sounding board.

Organ by Willis of London; stained glass windows; numerous

memorial wall-plaques. 1451 bell re-cast 1818 and again

1839 by Thomas Mears, London.

Statement of Special Interest

Ecclesiastical building in use as such. The Town Council had

called in William Adam who produced a scheme for a new church,

but a plan "by the Tradesmen of this place..... (produced)

....at a considerable less charge....." was preferred. In

September 1745, lead for the roof was sold for bullets, "to

answer present necessity" ie Prince Charles Edward Stuart's

approaching the town. The original plan had proposed a triple

roof; details such as the spire ornaments were modelled on

the Dumfries New Church; and some of the piends still have

scalloped flashings.

References

Bibliography

J Paton, THE BOOK OF ST MICHAEL'S CHURCH, 1904, (with photos

and transcripts from presbytery minutes). G Hay, ARCHITECTURE

OF SCOTTISH POST-REFORMATION CHURCHES, 1957, p. 76 etc.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at www.historicenvironment.scot/advice-and-support. You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at designations@hes.scot.

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