Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing under the Planning (Listing Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997 is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see 'About Listed Buildings' below for more information. The further details below the 'Address/Name of Site' are provided for information purposes only.

Address/Name of Site


Status: Designated


There are no additional online documents for this record.


Date Added
Last Date Amended
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 97197 76027
297197, 576027


Walter Newall, circa 1820; alterations A G Sydney Mitchell, 1885. 3 storey, Classical, former bank building on corner site with fluted Greek Doric colonnade to Irish Street; plainer treatment to Bank Street. Polished, painted, sandstone ashlar.

IRISH STREET BLOCK: 4 bays with elevational treatment continuing for 2 bays to Bank Street; inner bays slightly recessed with Doric colonnade at ground. Base course; corniced fascia; 2nd floor cill course; eaves cornice; blocking course. Channelled ground floor to Bank St. Regular fenestration with corniced window margins; shallow pediments to 1st floor windows of outer bays. 2-leaf timber panelled entrance doors to outer bays recessed between paired plain pilasters.

BANK STREET BLOCK: slightly lower than Irish Street block. 6 bays; 2 bays to right more widely spaced than others. Base course; 1st floor cornice; 2nd floor cill course; eaves course; blocking course. Corniced window margins. Former shop front window margins (openings now mostly filled in) 4 bays to left.

12-pane glazing in timber sash and case windows throughout. Slate roof.

Statement of Special Interest

A fine, early 19th century Classical bank building occupying a prominent corner site in the heart of Dumfries and designed by the leading architect working in Dumfries at the time, Walter Newall. The building is composed as two blocks, the main one, facing Irish Street, being better detailed and proportioned. It was built for the Commercial Bank.

Newall's drawings show that the two parts of the building were built as one building phase. The ground floor elevation to Bank Street was originally designed to have 4 bow-fronted shops at ground level. Newall was the leading architect in Dumfries from about 1820 until his retirement in 1863. This is an early work by him and the Greek revival style is typical of his work at this time.

A G Sydney Mitchell did a lot of work for the Commercial Bank during the 1880s. The drawings not only show the alterations that were carried out, but a slightly earlier scheme that involved rebuilding the bank in a different style. His drawings clearly show the layout of the bank: the bank agent's office was sited behind the colonnade and upstairs were two flats and accommodation for the bank clerks. The alterations were not particularly extensive.

The two blocks were originally listed separately. Listing updated 2007.



Drawings by Walter Newall at Dumfries Archive, watermarked 1820 (ref GD131 F1/7(a

. Drawings for alterations (proposed and executed) by A G Sydney Mitchell, dated 1885 at NMRS (ref SMW 1880/12/1). Shown on 1st edition Ordnance Survey Map town plan (1850). John Gifford, Buildings of Scotland: Dumfries and Galloway (1996), p274.

About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Other than the name or address of a listed building, further details are provided for information purposes only. Historic Environment Scotland does not accept any liability for any loss or damage suffered as a consequence of inaccuracies in the information provided. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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Printed: 24/01/2022 04:34