Listed Building

The only legal part of the listing is the address/name of site. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing – see ‘About Listed Buildings’ below for more information.


Status: Designated


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Date Added
Local Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
Planning Authority
Dumfries And Galloway
NX 97240 76148
297240, 576148


Tobias Bachup of Alloa, based on design by John Moffat of

Liverpool. Built 1705-7; walls largely re-cased by James

Barbour, 1909. Free standing rectangular-plan 3-storey

Town House; square clock tower at E end of short N wall

rises 3 undiminishing stages higher, with louvred ogival

leaded cupola. Polished red ashlar, channelled at ground;

rusticated quoins; string courses divide floors and tower

stages; windows mostly aproned, corniced at 1st floor

and in bolection-moulded architraves; 2nd floor windows

margined; pierced wallhead parapets; square flues over

W wall-head now removed. E long wall painted above

re-cased ground floor. Main entrance on 2-bay S end wall;

pedimented 1st floor doorway - also by Barbour - replaces

circa 1830 porch and is loosely based on original design; bolection-moulded but with pilasters and frieze added;

forestair in re-entrant angle, behind balustraded low shop,

and platt (with shop below and enlarged window)

have elaborate wrought-iron ravel (balustrade) by Patrick

Sibbald of Edinburgh, smith; repaired, probably by Barbour;

2 large stone crests (Royal Arms of Scotland and St Michael)

central on S wall. Interior gutted 1970. Single adjoining

bay to N is sympathetically detaited; straggle of shops

beyond (formerly police office) excluded from listing.

Tower: forestair basket-arched door to internal wheel

stair (stair lights above); N and W elevations relatively

plain; remaining elevations with oculus in 5th stage;

square panel to each elevation of top stage, with clock

face to N and to S. Cupola now stripped of leaded crockets,

but with louvred lucarnes.

Statement of Special Interest

The committee had first sought to engage "James Smith (or)

James Smith his nevvy" (nephew). Smith - who by then had

probably the country's premier architectural practise -

failed to appear, presumably because of work pressures

elsewhere. Moffat visited Glasgow to examine the tower there

for reference. The extent of Bachup's contribution to the

composition is uncertain; the tower and its distinctive

cupola is of the type which Moffat saw at Glasgow College,

and which Bachup appears to have already built at Stirling.

Bachup was also employed at Hopeton House in 1706.

2 inscribed stones re-set on W wall - one inscribed

"A/LOR/BURN" (Town motto) - said to be from old town jail.



Town Council Minutes.


OR TOWN HOUSE OF DUMFRIES, n.d. (copy in Dumfries Museum).

W MacDowall, HISTORY OF DUMFRIES 1867. pp. 537-542

PSAS: 1886 pp. 186-189; 1981 p.450.

RCAHM. INVENTORY, 1920 no. 127.


1981. pp. 1-14 (paper on Moffat).

NMRS - unpublished RCAHM plan of 1st and of 3rd floors


Dumfries Museum; numerous illustrations, one showing ?original


About Listed Buildings

Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating sites and places at the national level. These designations are Scheduled monuments, Listed buildings, Inventory of gardens and designed landscapes and Inventory of historic battlefields.

We make recommendations to the Scottish Government about historic marine protected areas, and the Scottish Ministers decide whether to designate.

Listing is the process that identifies, designates and provides statutory protection for buildings of special architectural or historic interest as set out in the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) (Scotland) Act 1997.

We list buildings which are found to be of special architectural or historic interest using the selection guidance published in Designation Policy and Selection Guidance (2019)

Listed building records provide an indication of the special architectural or historic interest of the listed building which has been identified by its statutory address. The description and additional information provided are supplementary and have no legal weight.

These records are not definitive historical accounts or a complete description of the building(s). If part of a building is not described it does not mean it is not listed. The format of the listed building record has changed over time. Earlier records may be brief and some information will not have been recorded.

The legal part of the listing is the address/name of site which is known as the statutory address. Addresses and building names may have changed since the date of listing. Even if a number or name is missing from a listing address it will still be listed. Listing covers both the exterior and the interior and any object or structure fixed to the building. Listing also applies to buildings or structures not physically attached but which are part of the curtilage (or land) of the listed building as long as they were erected before 1 July 1948.

While Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for designating listed buildings, the planning authority is responsible for determining what is covered by the listing, including what is listed through curtilage. However, for listed buildings designated or for listings amended from 1 October 2015, legal exclusions to the listing may apply.

If part of a building is not listed, it will say that it is excluded in the statutory address and in the statement of special interest in the listed building record. The statement will use the word 'excluding' and quote the relevant section of the 1997 Act. Some earlier listed building records may use the word 'excluding', but if the Act is not quoted, the record has not been revised to reflect subsequent legislation.

Listed building consent is required for changes to a listed building which affect its character as a building of special architectural or historic interest. The relevant planning authority is the point of contact for applications for listed building consent.

Find out more about listing and our other designations at You can contact us on 0131 668 8914 or at


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